Making up the Isha Prayer
Question :

If at the time of Isha prayers I was travelling and did not pray, when I reached home after midnight, how should I perform the Isha prayer, full or shortened?

Answer :

Based on an obligatory precaution, you should offer Maghrib prayer with the intention of fulfilling an actual obligation with uncertainty on whether it is being performed within its prescribed time or beyond it. After that, he should offer isha prayer twice, one shortened and one full.

Qadha-e-Umri
Question :

I have heard of a prayer called "Qadha-e-Umri" by which all the missed prayers can be made up. Is there any truth to this? If so, how is it performed and is there a particular day or time to offer this?

Answer :

There is no such single prayer that removes the liability for all missed prayers. Therefore, every missed prayer needs to be made up as qadha individually.

The Concept of Janaba
Question :

I was ignorant of the concept of Janaba, and did not know for some time. Later I came to know about Ghusl and performed it. I used to offer prayers all that time. What should I do about them?

Answer :

You must make up for the prayers that you know you missed.

Praying After the Designated Time
Question :

If one is working during the time for Fajr prayer and performs the prayer after sunrise, is the prayer valid or void?

Answer :

It is prohibited to delay the prayer after its designated time. However, if he did delay it then he must offer the prayer with the intention of being Qadha prayer.

Doubts about the Number of Missed Prayers
Question :

If I doubt whether I have missed a prayer or not, is it possible to offer the qadha of that prayer with the intention that if I did not actually miss it, it will be offered as a recommended (nafilah) prayer.

Answer :

Such an intention is not correct. However, one can offer the prayer with the intention of fulfilling one's obligation, so if he did not actually miss the prayer, he will gain the rewards of submission to Almighty Allah in removing any doubts about his obligation.

Missed Fasts and Missed Prayers
Question :

If somebody has missed fasts for years and missed prayers for years, does he have to make up the missed prayers and then the missed fasts?

Answer :

One must make up the missed prayers. It is also obligatory to make up missed fasts. Making one of them up before the other is not obligatory.

Making up the Missed Prayers
Question :

Recently I started to practice my religion and began to offer prayers. I know that I have missed many prayers and fasts. What should I do, taking into consideration that I am not sure when I reached the age of Sharia-defined adulthood and how many days I have missed?

Answer :

You should make up your fasting and your prayers that you have missed after you reached the age of adulthood, which is recognized by the completion of fifteen lunar years, the discharge of semen or the presence of hard hair on the face or in the pubic area, whichever happens first.

Missed Prayers after Masturbation
Question :

If one masturbates for some time and didn't know that he has to perform Ghusl because of the ejaculation; does he have to repeat all the fasting days and make up his prayers that he performed without the Ghusl?

Answer :

Masturbation is a prohibited act and should be avoided with seeking forgiveness from the Almighty Allah and repenting to Him. The prayers that the person knows that he did after masturbating and before performing Ghusl should be repeated. It is not required to make up the fasts.

Offering the Qadha Prayers First
Question :

If somebody has not offered the prayers within the prescribed time, must he offer the subsequent prayers within the prescribed times or the qadha prayers first? For example, if one misses Fajr prayer and the time has come for Dhuhr prayer, must he pray the qadha of Fajr first, or the Dhuhr first?

Answer :

It is not mandatory to offer the qadha prayer first.

Time of Performing Qadha Prayers
Question :

Can the qadha for a missed prayer be performed at any time of the day?

Answer :

Yes, it is permissible.

Order of Making up the Missed Prayers
Question :

If one has missed several prayers, must he offer the qadha prayers in an order (first Fajr, then Dhuhr, Asr etc..) or can he offer them in any order he wishes?

Answer :

For a person who missed a full days' prayer, it is recommended to make them up in the order that they were missed. For a person who missed Maghrib and Isha prayers, or missed Dhuhr and Asr prayers, the first prayer must be made up first.