Question : If at the time of Isha prayers I was travelling and did not pray, when I reached home after midnight, how should I perform the Isha prayer, full or shortened?
Answer : Based on an obligatory precaution, you should offer Maghrib prayer with the intention of fulfilling an actual obligation with uncertainty on whether it is being performed within its prescribed time or beyond it. After that, he should offer isha prayer twice, one shortened and one full.
Question : Is a son required to offer the lapsed prayers and fasts of his deceased mother? If the parents deliberately abandoned the praying and fasting without any good reason, is the son still obligated to make them up on their behalf?
Answer : It is not obligatory for the children to make up the prayers and the fasts that their mother missed, although it is strongly recommended to do so. If the father did not care about making up the prayers and the fasts that he missed, then it is not obligatory on his sons to make them up after his death.
Question : I have heard of a prayer called "Qadha-e-Umri" by which all the missed prayers can be made up. Is there any truth to this? If so, how is it performed and is there a particular day or time to offer this?
Answer : There is no such single prayer that removes the liability for all missed prayers. Therefore, every missed prayer needs to be made up as qadha individually.
Question : I was ignorant of the concept of Janabah, and did not know for some time. Later I came to know about Ghusl and performed it. I used to offer prayers all that time. What should I do about them?
Answer : You must make up for the prayers that you know you missed.
Question : If one is working during the time for Fajr prayer and performs the prayer after sunrise, is the prayer valid or void?
Answer : It is prohibited to delay the prayer after its designated time. However, if he did delay it then he must offer the prayer with the intention of being Qadha prayer.
Question : I have hired various persons who are poor and pious believers and mostly careful in Sharia laws to make up for the lapsed prayers of my late wife. Now I have been told that they cannot offer prayers at the same time. Is this true?
Answer : It is not a requirement in the prayers on behalf of the deceased that they are not offered at the same time. They can offer the prayers based on their own circumstances and time.
Question : If I doubt whether I have missed a prayer or not, is it possible to offer the qadha of that prayer with the intention that if I did not actually miss it, it will be offered as a recommended (nafilah) prayer.
Answer : Such an intention is not correct. However, one can offer the prayer with the intention of fulfilling oneâ€™s obligation, so if he did not actually miss the prayer, he will gain the rewards of submission to Almighty Allah in removing any doubts about his obligation.
Question : If somebody has missed fasts for years and missed prayers for years, does he have to make up the missed prayers and then the missed fasts?
Answer : One must make up the missed prayers. It is also obligatory to make up missed fasts. Making one of them up before the other is not obligatory.
Question : Can we offer prayers on behalf of our parents while they are alive or are they only to be offered after they pass away?
Answer : It is not permissible to offer the qadha prayers on behalf of a living person.
Question : Recently I started to practice my religion and began to offer prayers. I know that I have missed many prayers and fasts. What should I do, taking into consideration that I am not sure when I reached the age of Sharia-defined adulthood and how many days I have missed?
Answer : You should make up your fasting and your prayers that you have missed after you reached the age of adulthood, which is recognized by the completion of fifteen lunar years, the discharge of semen or the presence of hard hair on the face or in the pubic area, whichever happens first.
Question : If one masturbates for some time and didn't know that he has to perform Ghusl because of the ejaculation; does he have to repeat all the fasting days and make up his prayers that he performed without the Ghusl?
Answer : Masturbation is a prohibited act and should be avoided with seeking forgiveness from the Almighty Allah and repenting to Him. The prayers that the person knows that he did after masturbating and before performing Ghusl should be repeated. It is not required to make up the fasts.
Question : If somebody has not offered the prayers within the prescribed time, must he offer the subsequent prayers within the prescribed times or the qadha prayers first? For example, if one misses Fajr prayer and the time has come for Dhuhr prayer, must he pray the qadha of Fajr first, or the Dhuhr first?
Answer : It is not mandatory to offer the qadha prayer first.
Question : Can the qadha for a missed prayer be performed at any time of the day?
Answer : Yes, it is permissible.
Question : If one has missed several prayers, must he offer the qadha prayers in an order (first Fajr, then Dhuhr, Asr etc..) or can he offer them in any order he wishes?
Answer : For a person who missed a full daysâ€™ prayer, it is recommended to make them up in the order that they were missed. For a person who missed Maghrib and Isha prayers, or missed Dhuhr and Asr prayers, the first prayer must be made up first.