Muta
Question :

I got married to a woman by way of temporary marriage, and the woman recited the following formula: "Jawwaztuka Nafsi fee muddatil ... ala Mahr ... ", and I replied: "Qabiltu." Is this sufficient?

Answer :

The said marriage contract is valid.

Divorce in Temporary Marriage
Question :

Can there be a divorce in temporary marriage?

Answer :

There is no divorce in temporary marriage. The husband can waive the remaining period of the contract. If he did, then she is no longer his wife.

Muslim Wife
Question :

If a man who is married to a Muslim wife, contracts temporary marriage with a Christian or Jewish woman without the knowledge or permission of his Muslim wife, will he have committed a sin?

Answer :

The marriage is correct and he has not committed a sin.

Muslim Man with a Christian Woman
Question :

If a Muslim man is married temporarily to a Muslim woman, is it permissible for him to enter into temporary marriage with a Christian woman if the Muslim wife gives permission for such?

Answer :

Yes, it is permissible and permission is not required.

A Scholar in Temporary Marriage
Question :

Do we need a scholar in order to perform the temporary marriage contract?

Answer :

The contract can be done by yourselves, but it is better to seek the help of a religious cleric.

Not Mentioning the Dower
Question :

If one contracts temporary marriage without specifying a dower, does it become void?

Answer :

If the contract was based on not considering the dower then it is void. If not mentioning the dower was due to oblivion, shyness or any similar reason then the marriage contract is correct and the husband must pay his wife a dower that is usually paid for a woman with similar characteristics and circumstances.

Temporary Marriage of a Married Man
Question :

Can a person have temporary marriage with another woman if his wife is away for more than a month?

Answer :

Yes, he is allowed, whether his wife is away or not.

The Dower in Temporary Marriage
Question :

Is it obligatory for the man to offer a dower for temporary marriage, even if they both agree on no dower?

Answer :

The temporary marriage without including the dower is invalid, so it must be stipulated even if it is a small amount. The wife can forgo it after the temporary marriage contract takes place.

Wife's Refusal
Question :

Does a wife have the right to stop her husband from having temporary marriage contract with another woman?

Answer :

The wife can ask the husband not to remarry again but it is not obligatory on the husband to accept her request.

The Refusal of the Wife
Question :

My husband would like to have a temporary wife to fulfill certain urges. As a wife, do I have any right to say no?

Answer :

The refusal of the wife does not prevent a valid temporary marriage contract.

The Waiting Period
Question :

What is the waiting period of temporary marriage? Is it counted from the last time sexual intercourse took place? What if the woman never had sexual intercourse during the temporary marriage, must the waiting period still be observed?

Answer :

The waiting period is obligatory after the end of the stipulated duration of the temporary marriage if the marriage was consummated. The waiting period is not required if the marriage was not consummated (i.e. sexual intercourse did not take place). If the temporary marriage ended during the woman's menstruation period, then the waiting period is completed when her third menstrual period begins.
If the temporary marriage ends when she is not in her menstrual period, she should wait for one complete cycle and her waiting period is finished when her second menstrual period begins.

A Woman in the Iddah
Question :

Can a woman, who is in the Iddah of a temporary marriage, marry the same person temporarily again without waiting for the Iddah period to end?

Answer :

It is permissible to do so as long as she is still in the state of Iddah from him, as she is still considered as his wife.

Temporary Marriage
Question :

Is there a proper format or structure for a contract when arranging a temporary marriage other than agreeing on the amount of dower and setting a length of time for the marriage or is an informal verbal agreement between the two parties sufficient?

Answer :

The woman can say: "I marry myself to you on a dower of so-and-so and for the duration of so-and-so." and mention the amount of dower and the duration of marriage and then the man accepts by saying: "I accept". He can start the contract by saying: "I marry you on a dower of so-and-so and for the duration of so-and-so" the woman then accepts by saying: "I accept".
This can be in any language.

Understanding Temporary Marriage
Question :

If I want to conduct temporary marriage with a female, is it sufficient to explain it briefly to her, or should I give an in-depth explanation?

Answer :

Both parties must understand the relation as a religiously recognized marital relation for a certain time in an exchange for a dower.

Unspecified Dower of Temporary Marriage
Question :

I had temporary marriage with a girl, without specifying the dower, because she did not want any dower whether or not it was specified, and we engaged in sexual intercourse. Later I realized that it is necessary to specify a dower, otherwise the marriage is void and any sexual intercourse that has taken place is out of wedlock and considered adultery. We are extremely worried about this, as we did not intend to commit any sin. If we did this out of ignorance, is there any excusing us, or is there any kaffara to relieve ourselves from this?

Answer :

It is a condition in the temporary marriage contract to specify a dower. If the dower is not mentioned, the temporary marriage contract is invalid. If one was not aware of such a condition, sexual intercourse between them prior to becoming aware of this is not a sin and not considered as adultery.

The Contract Over the Internet
Question :

I want to have temporary marriage with a woman. I feel more comfortable to contract this marriage on the internet by chatting with her through instant messaging . Is this permissible?

Answer :

It is necessary for both parties to have live verbal communication with one another during the pronouncing of the formula of the contract, so writing and typing alone is not sufficient.

Wife's Religion
Question :

Can a man contracts temporary marriage with a woman whose faith and religion is not known to him? Is it necessary for him to inquire about her faith and religion?

Answer :

It is permissible to marry a Muslim, a Christian or a Jewish woman temporarily. Marrying a woman who does not believe in one of these three religions is not permissible. It is necessary to make sure that she does believe in one of these religions before marrying her.

What is it?
Question :

Please explain to me the contract of temporary marriage (Mutah).

Answer :

Mutah is a marriage contract between a man and a woman where they agree on establishing a marital relationship with the stipulation of a dower, for a certain period of time. The said relation ends when the mentioned time elapses. Muslims have agreed on this legislation, but the second caliph prohibited it during his caliphate, and this became the reason for the differences in opinion on it, as history and jurisprudential books explained.

Marriage to an Atheist
Question :

Is it permissible to have temporary marriage with agnostic or atheist girls?

Answer :

No, it is not permissible.

Why it is Permissible?
Question :

I want to know why temporary marriage is permissible.

Answer :

Muslims have unanimously agreed that temporary marriage was legislated by the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny). The second caliph stopped people from doing it during his rule at a famous incident. Since it was legislated by the Prophet, it remains lawful and valid. And this is what the followers of the Ahlul-bait (peace be upon him) and a group of the companions of the prophets (peace be upon him) believe.