Wakf
Question : A property 200 years old being commonly used by all Shia Muslims as Hussainia. Will this property be considered as endowment?
Answer : If the people have been dealing with the said property as a religious endowment, one should consider it as such unless proven otherwise.
Religious Endowment (Waqf)
Question : If one mosque has many donated carpets by way of waqf, and other mosques in the city do not have enough carpets, is it possible to give carpets from first mosque to another mosque for permanent use?
Answer : If the carpets donated as religious endowment (waqf) were many in quantity, such that the mosque does not require them all and are therefore not used, it is permissible to transfer it to another mosque. Otherwise it is not permissible.
Religious Endowment (Waqf)
Question : In the case of public endowments if only the endower knows that the item is a waqf but the public does not know that, is the waqf established?
Answer : The religious endowment is correct even without informing others.
Question of Waqf Return
Question : My Grandmother has declared her House as a Hussainia. Later she decided to sell it. Is she allowed to do so?
Answer : If the house was placed under endowment in a religiously correct way, it is not permissible to dissolve it and return it to a private ownership.
Religious Endowment (Waqf)
Question : If someone declares something to be waqf and it is still in his possession, is the waqf established?
Answer : If the beneficiary of the endowment was a general reference, such as needy people, or a private one that does not include the endower himself, then it is correct. The endower must pass the possession of the waqf to the beneficiaries or the custodian of the waqf. The endower is allowed to appoint himself as the custodian on the waqf property; he should then look after it for the best interest of the beneficiaries.
Agency
Question : I had made the uncle of wife wakil (agent) in order to divorce her; however, a week prior to the divorce, I changed my mind. He uncle was out-of-reach for me to contact him, so I informed my wife that I no longer wished for him to be my agent and requested that she inform him. However, he went ahead with the divorce anyway. Is this divorce I no longer wished for valid or not valid?
Answer : The agent is not dismissed without being informed of such dismissal, either by the principle himself or by a trustworthy person.
If such notification was not given to the agent, then the divorce is valid. However, the divorce can be revoked by returning to the marriage relationship during the waiting period, if the divorce was revocable.
Usurpation
Question : If two sons are inheriting from their deceased father a house, if one son did not agree to give a share of the house his brother, will the prayers in this house be like prayers on usurped territory (ghasb)?
Answer : If the son prevents his siblings from using the house that they all share, then he is considered as a usurper. The same applies if they asked him in this case for rent and he refused to pay it to them.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : If a child has damaged something belonging to somebody else, like a mobile phone, are the parents of the child obliged to pay the compensation for the damage?
Answer : The child is liable to compensate the loss, and not his father.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : If the toy of a child, such as a ball, goes over the fence into the neighbors backyard, and he is not at home, in order to soothe a crying child can I climb over and bring back the toy from there?
Answer : It is not permissible to trespass into the property of the neighbor.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : How much is the Diya after beating someone in the following scenarios:
a) If the face is blackened by beating
b) If the face becomes green
c) If it is reddened
d) If it is another part of the body, other than face
Answer : The Diya in beating someone in the face when blackened is six golden dinars. If the face becomes green then it is three dinars. If it becomes red then it is 1.5 dinar. Each dinar is equivalent to 4.25 grams of gold.
If the beating was on other than the face, like the hand, leg and foot, or chest then it is half of what is mentioned.
If it was on the head then there are various cases with different rulings for the Diyah. All the cases and their rulings are mentioned in details in the book of practical laws.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : Can the Diya be paid in modern currency, or must it be in gold?
Answer : It can be paid in gold or what is equivalent to it if the victim is satisfied that it is equivalent.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : Must the Diya be paid immediately or can it be delayed?
Answer : It is like the rest of the debts that should be paid with the request of the victim and the ability of the offender to pay.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : What if one does not have enough money or means to pay Diya?
Answer : If the offender cannot pay it, it stays as a debt on him.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : If a child has been beaten, should he have to receive the Diya immediately or after reaching the age of adulthood? Will the received Diya be subjected to Khums?
Answer : The Diya is supposed to be paid to the child right away unless the guardian sees it in the best interests of the child to postpone it. There is no Khums in the Diya.
Compensation (Diya and Dhaman)
Question : Is it permissible for the one who has been beaten to excuse the one who has beaten him, so that he does not have to pay the Diyah?
Answer : Yes, it is permissible to forgive the person who hit him and waive the Diyah, except if the victim is a child since there is no effect in his forgiveness till he reaches the age of adulthood.
Enjoining the Good and Forbidding the Wrong
Question : what is our obligation towards the neighbor?
Answer : It is prohibited to harm the neighbors, it is highly recommended to be kind with the neighbors and to deal with them in a good way.
Enjoining the Good and Forbidding the Wrong
Question : Can anyone enjoin the good and forbid the evil or it is obligatory on scholars and religious leaders only?
Answer : It is obligatory on every believer to enjoin the good and forbid the wrong if the conditions are met.
Islamic History
Question : Was the revolt of Mukhtar bin Abu Ubaida as per the instructions of Imam Zain-ul-Abideen (peace be upon him)?
Answer : There is no historical text that states that Mukhtar began his revolution by the order of Imam Zain-ul-Abideen (peace be upon him). Yes, some narrations praised what Mukhtar did.
History
Question : I have heard that Mukhtar ibn Abi Ubayd al-Thaqafi started a sect called the Kaysaniyyah and that the Imams (peace be upon them) spoke against him. Is this true?
Answer : Narrations differ in the matter of Mukhtar. Some narrations praise him and others do not. In one narration, his son asked Imam Jaffer Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) about his father. Imam replied by praising him. It appears from this that he is considered as a believer and a follower of the path of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them).
gift
Question : My sisters and I inherited a house from my late parents. After some years, my sisters decided to gift their share to me. I moved to the house. Can they withdraw it in Sharia after 18 years?
Answer : It is invalid to undo the gifting if the gift was physically received by the recipient as seems to be the case in question.