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I just began to pay khums this year, but I have been a Muslim for over 5 years. How do I calculate how much khums to pay if I do not know how much money I made in the past 5 years?
May Allah accept from you this sincere intention in upholding His teachings and obligations.
Khums is a divinely-prescribed obligation. It is the fifth of the yearly income after deducting expenses. It can be calculated as a fifth of all the monies that is in one’s possession plus the fifth of the worth of the items that were unused during the year.
This khums amount is divided into two equal amounts:
The first one is the share of Sayyids. It should be spent on needy people from the clan of Hashim, the great-grandfather of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny).
The second one is the share of the Imam (peace be upon him). It should be given to the religious Adil Marji who is able to spend it in accordance to what pleases the twelfth Imam (peace be upon him).
On what can we spend the Share of the Imam (peace be upon him) from Khums?
One should refer to the Marji or his agents for that.
Please explain to me briefly what khums is and when it becomes obligatory. Who must I give it to and how often?
Khums is a divinely-ordained financial obligation. It is the fifth of the yearly income that remains unspent. So, you should determine a specific day to calculate your profits in coordination with the Marja’ or his appointed agent. Every year on this specific day, you calculate the fifth of all the net income that you possess plus the fifth of the worth of items that were not used during the year.
The khums amount is divided into two equal amounts: one is to be given to needy people amongst the offspring of Hashim – the great-grandfather of the Prophet (peace be upon him) – and the second is to be spent with the coordination of the Marja’ by referring to him or his appointed agent to spend it in the ways of serving the religion and fulfilling the necessities of the believers.
I know that when a person receives income then he has to pay one-fifth of it after expenses for the year. However, if I receive a weekly salary and I pay the khums from it every week, have I paid the obligatory khums for the year?
If one pays khums every week from his weekly salary, then he does not have to pay khums at end of the khums year. If he did not do so, as he is permitted to delay the payment of khums until the end of the khums year, then he can pay the khums from the remainder of his earnings after the payment of the yearly expenses.
I have started my business last year on credit basis and by the grace of Allah I have completed one year of business this year. So please tell me how I should calculate khums from business earnings even if I still have debts to clear.
With the assumption that you paid khums on the capital money before you used it for the business, at the end of the khums year the debts and all other paid expenses for that year are deducted from the profits, and khums is due on the remaining balance. If the balance is zero or negative, no khums is due for that year.
I am currently unemployed and looking for work. Is khums obligatory on me to pay? Who do I pay it to?
Khums is obligatory once a year. It is on what exceeds the expenses during the year. One should refer to an agent of the marji', and determine a fixed yearly time to pay khums after calculating it.
Is it obligatory to pay khums on what is spent on prohibited expenses, such as paying a barber to shave one's beard?
Khums is not obligatory on expenses if they were spent in prohibited ways. However, a believer is expected not to perform any prohibited thing even if he thinks it is small, since it is a disobedience to Almighty Allah.
If I have £100 on which khums is due on, and I put aside £20 from it as khums to pay it at the end of the year, am I not allowed to spend the remaining £80 before the £20 is paid?
When it is possible to pay the khums to whoever deserves it or to the agent, one should hasten to do so. One can use the rest of the money whether he paid the khums or not.
I have taken some money as a loan from my father and I am using it for my business. Will I need to pay Khums on this?
Khums is not obligatory on the loan, it is obligatory on the profits.
Do I need to pay Khums on the money for which I have paid last year?
It is not obligatory to pay Khums from monies that Khums was paid from in past years.
If a person is poor can we give the share of the Imam from the Khums to his brother?
It is permissible to spend the Share of the Imam (Sahmul-Imam) to fulfill the necessities of destitute believers, after referring to the Marji or his agents.
I own some items at home. Do I pay khums for these every year even if I have used them?
If they were used, then it is not obligatory to pay khums for them. Otherwise, they are subject to khums once.
If I had $1000 at the end of a year after deducting expenses, and I paid khums leaving $800. During the following year, I spent $200 from the $800. By the end of the year, I saved an extra $400 after expenses. Must I pay khums on $200 or $400?
Your net wealth is $1000, whereas $800 is the 80% of last year’s net income after khums was paid. This means that your net income for this year is $200 from which you have to pay khums ($40). Therefore, for the next year $960 will be exempted from khums ($800 from the previous year, plus $160 remaining from the current year).
Can I use share of the Imam (peace be upon him) for the maintenance and/or the construction of a Hussainiya which is run by my family?
Using the share of Imam (peace be upon him) from the khums is not permissible without referring to the Marji’ or his appointed agent.
If I have started employment and am earning my own income, how do I give khums? Do I give 20% of my salary each time it enters my bank account? Do I wait a year and then give 20% of what I have left?
If the salary payments are deposited in an account in a private or government bank, then it is subject to khums. This also applies to a transfer of the salary payments to an account in a private bank.
If the salary payments are transferred into an account in a government bank, then it not considered owned until it is withdrawn physically and khums is not due before that.
It is obligatory to pay khums at the end of the khums year from what remains after any expenses paid.
I work as an employee in a Government office in India, and some amount from our monthly salary is paid towards a pension fund. This amount remains in their custody and at the disposal of the Government. When the employee retires, the money with interest will be paid back to him. If the employee at some point during his service requires some money from his pension fund, it is paid to him with the condition that he pays it back within a specific timeframe. Now the question is if the employee, during his service period, withdraws some amount from his pension fund account, has he to pay the Khums of this amount immediately considering that it has been there for more than a year? What is the ruling on the amount which he redeposits into this account?
Khums does not apply to the portion that the government deducts from the salary of the individual. Khums is applicable on withdrawn amounts at the khums year-end, not immediately. Khums is also applicable on the amount that is redeposited, and is payable when the Khums year ends.
I work for a retail company in the West, and they pay my wages directly into my bank account. This money has never been withdrawn by me and has sat in my account since it was transferred. I do transfer a part of it into another savings account through the internet every month. After a year of transferring, but never withdrawing and holding the money physically, will this money be subject to Khums, and is Hajj obligatory on me if there is enough in the savings account to cover Hajj costs?
If you work in a state establishment and your salary is transferred directly to a state-owned bank, then the laws of khums and Hajj do not apply on the salary. They both apply on amounts that you withdraw from the bank. Both conditions must be present (working for the state and the bank being owned by the state) in order for this ruling to apply.
If one of the two conditions are not fulfilled, like if you work for a private establishment or the amount is transferred to a private bank, or both of them are not present, the regular laws of Khums and Hajj apply. That is, if the amount adds up to what is sufficient to cover the cost of Hajj, it becomes obligatory. Likewise, Khums has to be paid from the unused portion of it at the end of the Khums year.
What are the ways to know if someone is a Sayyid? And what are the consequences in the Islamic sharia of being a Sayyid?
Sayyids are the descendants of Hashim bin Abd Munaf. Such linage is proven by any of three ways: (i) knowing it, (ii) by the witness of two adil people, or (iii) by it being widely-known that leads to being confident about it.
The religious effects of being a Sayyid are the eligibility to collect the Sayyid’s share from the khums in the case of poverty, and the prohibition to collect the zakat from a non-Sayyid.
I opened a savings account in the bank in my name. This is a family savings account which everyone in my family will contribute to and put money in until it accumulates. Seeing as it is not only my money but belongs to the family, who is it that will have to pay the khums for this?
It is obligatory to pay the khums from your own money, not from the money of other people. If the money is mixed with the money of others, it does not affect this obligation, so it is better for each person to keep account of his share.
If a person has not paid Khums yet, and meanwhile he performs obligatory Hajj, will his Hajj be valid?
His pilgrimage is valid. He must hasten to pay Khums.