Gas Incontinence
Question :

When a person has gas incontinence, is he supposed to perform one wudhu for every prayer? Or can he perform one wudhu for two prayers if they are performed together one after the other?

Answer :

If he has a specific period in which he can perform the wudhu and the prayer without passing wind, he should wait for it and perform the wudhu and prayer within this period.
If he does not have such a period, then he should perform the ablution before the prayer and offer the prayer, and when he passes wind during the prayer, he should suspend the prayer and perform the wudhu and continue where he stopped. Based on an obligatory precaution he should not do anything that invalidates the prayer when performing this wudhu, such as talking and the like. However, in such a situation if one does anything that conflicts with the form of the prayer or turns away from Qibla, for the purposes of performing wudhu, it will not invalidate the prayer. If one has such a condition, he should make appropriate preparations to ensure that the acts of wudhu during the prayer are minimal.

Wudhu for Incontinence
Question :

For someone with a flatulence problem, where he cannot control the excess passing of gas, he is told to perform the wudhu for every prayer. Is this still the case if he prays Isha right after Maghrib, or Asr right after Dhuhr?

Answer :

If he joins between the two prayers as in the question, he does not need to repeat the wudhu. If he separated between the prayers, he should do the wudhu again before the second prayer.

State of Hadath
Question :

A patient is going to have surgery to remove the bladder because of cancer. The surgeon will make an artificial opening in her abdomen where the urine will come out without her control. Therefore, she will always have a bag connected to the skin around that opening to collect the urine continuously. The bag is secure and dry and there will be no leak to other parts of her body or clothes. How should she do wudhu?

Answer :

The ruling for such a person is the same as that of somebody who is always in the state of hadath. So she will join between Dhuhr and Asr with one wudhu, and the same with Maghrib and Isha.
However, if there is a period - during which she has sufficient time to perform wudhu and pray - in which she is not releasing urine, for example when the bag is being changed, then she should perform the wudhu and the prayer during this period.

Problems in Urinating
Question :

I have been facing problems in urinating for the last many years. Even after I have completely passed urine, some drops of urine continuously keep coming out after I leave the bathroom. I am facing difficulty in praying as I cannot change my clothes again and again. What should I do?

Answer :

One should observe the taharah of the clothes during the prayer as the prayer is void with najis clothes. With respect to wudhu, you can perform the prayer at a time the urine is not released from you, even by delaying it to the end of the prescribed time - but not beyond it - and even if you shorten the prayers by omitting the second chapter after al-Fatiha and by omitting the recommended acts of the prayer. If this is not possible, then it is permissible to offer the prayer even with the release of the urine but one should join the Dhuhr and Asr prayers with one wudhu, and similarly the Maghrib and Isha prayers with one wudhu.

Incontinency
Question :

For one suffering from incontinence, he is told that he must wash the urinary organ before each prayer. However, if he combines prayers, such as Dhuhr and Asr, is it sufficient to wash once before the two prayers or must he do a washing before each prayer?

Answer :

If a person suffering from incontinence joins between the two prayers with one wudhu, then it is sufficient to wash the urinary organ before the first prayer for both prayers.