Wiping the Head
Question :

I have heard that, during wudhu, I have to wipe until three centimeters before my hairline. Is this true?

Answer :

There is no precise limit for wiping, but it is sufficient that the wetness on the hand is not mixed with the wetness in other parts of the wudhu.

Touching the Skin
Question :

Once I have completed wudhu, is it still valid after I touch my husband or when he touches me after he has completed wudhu?

Answer :

Touching the skin of the opposite sex does not invalidate the wudhu.

Wiping when the Hair is Wet
Question :

Is it correct to perform the wiping of the head in wudhu when the hair is wet?

Answer :

If the wetness on the head was such that it transfers to the hand and leads to wiping the feet with that wetness, then this invalidates the wudhu, since it is obligatory to wipe the feet with the wetness of the wudhu. If the wetness on the head was such that it does not transfer to the hands when wiping the head, then there is no problem in wiping the head in this case.
Therefore, it is better to dry the head before the wudhu.

Gas Incontinence
Question :

When a person has gas incontinence, is he supposed to perform one wudhu for every prayer? Or can he perform one wudhu for two prayers if they are performed together one after the other?

Answer :

If he has a specific period in which he can perform the wudhu and the prayer without passing wind, he should wait for it and perform the wudhu and prayer within this period.
If he does not have such a period, then he should perform the ablution before the prayer and offer the prayer, and when he passes wind during the prayer, he should suspend the prayer and perform the wudhu and continue where he stopped. Based on an obligatory precaution he should not do anything that invalidates the prayer when performing this wudhu, such as talking and the like. However, in such a situation if one does anything that conflicts with the form of the prayer or turns away from Qibla, for the purposes of performing wudhu, it will not invalidate the prayer. If one has such a condition, he should make appropriate preparations to ensure that the acts of wudhu during the prayer are minimal.

How to Perform the Whudu
Question :

How do I perform wudhu?

Answer :

You start by washing the face from the topmost part of the forehead where the hair begins to grow to the farthest end of the chin, and its breadth is what is covered between the thumb and the middle finger. The said area must be washed fully. Then, wash the arms by starting with the right arm from the elbow to the tips of the fingers. Then wash the left arm in the same way. Then, wipe the head using the wetness of the right hand. Then, wipe the feet from the tips of the toes to the ankles, starting with the right feet, then the left. It is sufficient to wipe normally and it is not mandatory to cover the mentioned wiped areas fully with wetness.

Validity of the Prayer
Question :

If someone had been doing wudhu incorrectly and never knew it, does he have to repeat all the past prayers?

Answer :

Yes, it is obligatory to make up the past prayers.

Limits of Wudhu
Question :

Imam Ja'far Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) has said the one who transgresses the limits in his wudhu is like the one who has broken his wudhu. What does the Imam mean here? What limits is he referring to? For example, I know that it is recommended to wash beyond the obligatory parts of the face; does this narration make things like this prohibited or does it break one's wudhu?

Answer :

The mentioned is not what the tradition means. What the tradition means is observing the religious guidelines when performing the wudhu and not to cross them, for example: wiping replaced with washing, or wiping the bottom of the foot instead of its top, and similar cases where the religious restrictions are transgressed.

Wiping All Toes
Question :

Do all toes need to be wiped during in wudhu, or just the last toe?

Answer :

It suffices in the correctness of the wudhu to perform what is considered as wiping, even if it is on one toe.

Wiping with New Water
Question :

Does wiping the head with new water make the wudhu void?

Answer :

Yes, the wudhu is void if the wiping was with new water. If the water used in wiping is mixed with new water, and therefore the wiping was done using both waters, then the wudhu should be repeated based on an obligatory precaution.

Things to Say Before Wudhu
Question :

What is obligatory to say before starting wudhu?

Answer :

There are no mandatory words to be said before performing wudhu.

Recommended Acts of Wudhu
Question :

I have heard that to wash your right arm you must first have water in your right hand and then put it in your left hand and then pour it over the right arm, is this true?

Answer :

The said steps are recommended and not obligatory.

Wiping in One Stroke
Question :

Someone told me that when I finish pouring water on my arm, before I start wiping freely, I must wipe once from my elbow down to my fingertips in one stroke and if this is not done then the wudhu is void. Is this true?

Answer :

No, it is not true. You can do so with as many strokes as necessary to ensure that the area is fully washed.

Wudhu By Immersion
Question :

Can I perform wudhu for prayers by immersing the parts of wudhu in water, like in ghusl?

Answer :

It is not necessary to use the hands in washing the face and arms during wudhu. It is valid to wash them by placing them under the tap directly, such that they are washed from the top downwards. It is also a condition of the wudhu to wipe the head and the feet with the dampness on the hand that originates from the wudhu process only, and not to allow the hand to become wet from other than that before wiping.
In light of the above, before one proceeds to wiping the head and feet, one should ensure that a part of the left arm is unwashed before using the right hand to wash the left arm, in order for the right hand to have only the water of wudhu on it. Otherwise, the water on the right hand might be extra water and wiping with it will invalidate the wudhu.

Touching the Quran
Question :

Is one required to have wudhu while touching an English translation of the Holy Quran?

Answer :

No, one does not need to perform wudhu in order to touch the translation of the Quran.

Not Washing Under the Chin
Question :

One realized when washing the face during wudhu that he had not been washing under the chin. Is it obligatory on him to make up all prayers that he performed with such a wudhu?

Answer :

It is a condition in the correctness of the wudhu to wash the face from the topmost part of the forehead where the hair begins to grow to the farthest end of the chin. Washing underneath the chin is not obligatory.

Ablution with Muddy Water
Question :

Is the ablution valid when it is performed using muddy water, or water containing sugar or salt?

Answer :

It is permissible to perform ablution with the water if the percentage of salt, sugar or mud in it is so low that it is still conventionally considered as water.

Visible Parts of the Nostrils
Question :

Is the visible part in the nostrils considered an internal or external part of the body, so one should include it in ablution?

Answer :

It is not considered among the apparent part of the body, so it is not included in the ablution.

Wiping with Mixed Water
Question :

I have recently learned that when wiping my head in wudhu, I cannot touch the water on my forehead as the water will be mixed and this makes it void; is this true? I am finding this very difficult to do as I am bound to get some water on my hand from my forehead.

Answer :

Yes, it is true, and you can wipe normally and not touch the wet places.

Washing the Face and the Arams
Question :

During wudhu how many times must the face and arms be washed?

Answer :

It is obligatory in wudhu to completely encompass the face and the arms from the elbow to the fingertips with water even if it involves pouring water several times.

Pouring Water on the Arm
Question :

When performing wudhu, do I have to pour water on the back of my arms or from the front?

Answer :

Both ways of washing the arms are permissible.