Question : When I wipe my head in wudhū, I make a parting in my hair in order for the scalp to be wiped with the wetness of the wudhū. Do I need to do this?
Answer : It is not necessary to wipe in this way. It is sufficient to wipe over the hair of the front of the head and it is not obligatory for the dampness of the wudhū to reach the scalp.
Question : When a person has gas incontinence, is he supposed to perform one wudhu for every prayer? Or can he perform one wudhu for two prayers if they are performed together one after the other?
Answer : If he has a specific period in which he can perform the wudhu and the prayer without passing wind, he should wait for it and perform the wudhu and prayer within this period.
If he does not have such a period, then he should perform the ablution before the prayer and offer the prayer, and when he passes wind during the prayer, he should suspend the prayer and perform the wudhu and continue where he stopped. Based on an obligatory precaution he should not do anything that invalidates the prayer when performing this wudhu, such as talking and the like. However, in such a situation if one does anything that conflicts with the form of the prayer or turns away from Qibla, for the purposes of performing wudhu, it will not invalidate the prayer. If one has such a condition, he should make appropriate preparations to ensure that the acts of wudhu during the prayer are minimal.
Question : How does one determine the uppermost limits of the face in wudhū of a bald person?
Answer : One starts washing the face from where the hair conventionally grows for people with a normal hairline.
Question : If there is an engraved inscription on the Turbah (the clay tablet on which we prostrate) with the name of Allah, and it is imprinted on the forehead after prostration, is one allowed to leave the state of ritual purity, or must he stay in purity, due to having the name of Allah on one’s forehead, albeit reversed?
Answer : It is permissible to leave the state of ritual purity.
Question : Is it permissible during ablution that somebody else pours the water from a pitcher or jug, and the person performing wudhū washes the parts of the wudhū?
Answer : This does not affect the correctness of the wudhū but it is disliked.
Question : Do all toes need to be wiped during in wudhū, or just the last toe?
Answer : It suffices in the correctness of the wudhū to perform what is considered as wiping, even if it is on one toe.
Question : I have long hair that is long enough to tie, and when I wipe over my hair in wudhu, the hair that I am wiping moves with my hand and it falls forward. Is this valid?
Answer : Yes, the wiping is correct even if there is movement of the hair; however, it is necessary to limit the wiping to the roots of the hair or the parts of the hair which are close to the roots, such that they cannot extend to outside the front quarter of the head.
Question : I have heard that to wash your right arm you must first have water in your right hand and then put it in your left hand and then pour it over the right arm, is this true?
Answer : The said steps are recommended and not obligatory.
Question : What is obligatory to say before starting wudhū?
Answer : There are no mandatory words to be said before performing wudhū.
Question : Is a bit of dirt and such similar substances that are usually found under the nail or on its sides considered a barrier during wudhū and ghusl?
Answer : It is not a condition in the correctness of wudhū or ghusl to remove what is underneath the nail. Dirt that appears on the nail or on its sides must be removed for the wudhū and ghusl to be correct.
Question : How do I perform wudhū?
Answer : You start by washing the face from the topmost part of the forehead where the hair begins to grow to the farthest end of the chin, and its breadth is what is covered between the thumb and the middle finger. The said area must be washed fully.
Then, wash the arms by starting with the right arm from the elbow to the tips of the fingers. Then wash the left arm in the same way.
Then, wipe the head using the wetness of the right hand. Then, wipe the feet from the tips of the toes to the ankles, starting with the right feet, then the left. It is sufficient to wipe normally and it is not mandatory to cover the mentioned wiped areas fully with wetness.
Question : If someone had been doing wudhū incorrectly and never knew it, does he have to repeat all the past prayers?
Answer : Yes, it is obligatory to make up the past prayers.

Question : Can I perform wudhū for prayers by immersing the parts of wudhū in water, like in ghusl?
Answer : It is not necessary to use the hands in washing the face and arms during wudhū. It is valid to wash them by placing them under the tap directly, such that they are washed from the top downwards. It is also a condition of the wudhū to wipe the head and the feet with the dampness on the hand that originates from the wudhū process only, and not to allow the hand to become wet from other than that before wiping.
In light of the above, before one proceeds to wiping the head and feet, one should ensure that a part of the left arm is unwashed before using the right hand to wash the left arm, in order for the right hand to have only the water of wudhū on it. Otherwise, the water on the right hand might be extra water and wiping with it will invalidate the wudhū.
Question : A person was making a mistake in the sequence of his wudhū for some time, whereby he used to wash the left arm first and then the right arm. Are his previous prayers valid?
Answer : It is a condition in the correctness of the wudhū to wash the right then the left arm. Not offering the wudhū in this sequence makes it void and the prayers should be repeated.
Question : One realized when washing the face during wudhū that he had not been washing under the chin. Is it obligatory on him to make up all prayers that he performed with such a wudhū?
Answer : It is a condition in the correctness of the wudhū to wash the face from the topmost part of the forehead where the hair begins to grow to the farthest end of the chin. Washing underneath the chin is not obligatory.
Question : Does wiping the head with new water make the wudhū void?
Answer : Yes, the wudhū is void if the wiping was with new water. If the water used in wiping is mixed with new water, and therefore the wiping was done using both waters, then the wudhū should be repeated based on an obligatory precaution.
Wudhu and fringe
Question : Whenever I come to do wudhū, I find that long hairs from my hairline tend to stick to my forehead because I am wiping downwards. What should I do?
Answer : You can lift the hair that prevent water from reaching the skin with your left hand, for instance, and wash the face with the right hand.
Question : Sometimes I doubt as to whether the dirt under the fingernails is extended to the outside of the nail or not, which would then require me to remove it before performing wudhū, moreover it is very hard to remove it sometimes. Can I ignore this doubt?
Answer : It is not obligatory to remove the dirt under the nail, since this area is not part of wudhū or ghusl. If the dirt prevents water from reaching the skin in parts of wudhū and ghusl, it must be removed; one can use material that removes such substances in the conventional way, and one need not focus on this beyond that.
However, if a person has a reasonable doubt whether there is any substance that is forming a barrier between the water and the skin, then he should remove it to ensure that water reaches the skin.
Question : If one thought that he was washing the necessary parts of the wudhū, but years later realized that he had been missing some of them, is it obligatory on him to repeat all of those prayers that he performed with this wudhū?
Answer : If one doubts the correctness of the wudhū but at the same it is probable that he washed the necessary parts without intending to do so, then he can assume that the wudhū is in order and he does not need to repeat the prayer. If he knows that he did not wash a necessary part of the wudhū, then it is invalid and he must repeat the prayers that he performed with such wudhū.
Question : What is the justification of the school of Ahl-ul-Bait (peace be upon them) for wiping the feet, rather than wiping over the socks or shoes, or washing them?
Answer : The wudhū is valid if the feet are wiped directly on the skin. It is not sufficient to wipe on the socks and shoes, nor is it sufficient to wash the feet, as per the verse of wudhū when Almighty Allah said: "When you rise up for prayer, wash you faces, and your hands to the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles." (Quran, 6:5).