The Guardian
Question :

Who is the girl's guardian?

Answer :

He is the father and the paternal grandfather.

The Guardian
Question :

Is it obligatory to seek the permission of the girl's mother or brother for marriage if her father has died?

Answer :

If her father and paternal grandfather have died, then there is no need to seek the permission of any of her relatives.

The Guardian
Question :

Can a brother or any relative of a girl – apart from her guardian – arrange her marriage?

Answer :

If she appointed him to act on her behalf and she approved the marriage, then the marriage is valid.

The Validity of the Marraige Contract
Question :

If a virgin girl marries someone without the permission of the father, then will the marriage be valid?

Answer :

The permanent marriage contract is void without the permission of the father or the paternal grandfather.

The Permission of the Guardian
Question :

Can a man who does the taqlid of his Eminence marry a virgin girl without the permission of her guardian, if the girl follows a mujtahid who does not make such consent mandatory?

Answer :

No, it is not permissible to do so.

The Guardian
Question :

Can a virgin girl who is independent financially and has no father or guardian get married without permission?

Answer :

If the girl is virgin and the guardian, who is the father or the paternal grandfather, is available, then seeking their permission is a condition in the validity of the marriage contract. If one is not able to reach the guardian or he is deceased, then the permission is not required.

Non-Muslim Guardian
Question :

My friend has embraced Islam and now she wants to marry. Will she have to get permission from her father who is a non-Muslim?

Answer :

Yes, it is obligatory to do so if she is a virgin. It is not obligatory if her father placed her in charge of her own affairs including the affairs of her marriage in such a way that she is given permission by him to marry whomever she wants.

Divorced Woman
Question :

Can a divorced woman remarry without the permission of her father?

Answer :

She does not require the permission of the father for the second marriage, if her first marriage was consummated, although it is better to correspond with the family as this preserves the links of love and respect within the family.

The Permission of the Father
Question :

A father wants his daughter to marry someone who is a Sayyid. The girl finds someone who is not a Sayyed but he is a suitable good believer and asks the permission of her father to marry him. Her father became upset and disheartened. Although he is not happy with it at heart, he gave her permission to marry him because it is what his daughter wants and it will make her happy. Is this marriage (which is to be consummated) valid?

Answer :

If the father gave his consent to her marriage then she is permitted to get married, even if the father did agree to it reluctantly.

The Permission of the Father
Question :

If a virgin is married with the permission of the father but sexual intercourse did not take place, can she marry again after the divorce without the permission of the father?

Answer :

No, it is not permissible as she is still a virgin.

Virgin Girl
Question :

Is it permissible for a matured girl who lost her virginity by fornication, or by any other way apart from valid marriage, to marry temporarily without the consent of her father or guardian?

Answer :

If the virginity was lost by adultery or any reason other than religious marriage, then the woman is still considered as virgin and it is not permissible to marry her permanently without the permission of her father or paternal grandfather. Also it is not permissible to marry her temporarily and consummate the marriage without the permission of the father or the grandfather. Yes, it is permissible to marry her temporarily without the need to seek the consent if the marriage is not consummated.

Raped Girl
Question :

A girl was raped when she was 16 years old. She thought that she does not require the permission of her father in order to get married as she was not a virgin; then, later she found out that she is still considered to be a virgin as a rape victim, but she married without getting permission from her father. Is her marriage valid?

Answer :

The permanent marriage of a virgin is invalid without the permission of her father or paternal grandfather even if she has been raped. If she did not know this ruling, the sexual relationship without the mentioned permission is not considered as adultery. Since she comes to know of it, they should separate from each other and do not consider themselves as a married couple. They can get married in the religiously right way, by seeking the consent of the guardian.

Woman in Charge
Question :

Could you please clarify what you mean by a woman being in charge of her own marriage, as mentioned in some of your answers?

Answer :

What we mean by this is when the father places his daughter in charge of herself and gives her the right of marrying herself to whomever she desires without the need to refer to him.
If the father does not ask about the affairs of his daughter because of family disintegration, then apparently this is considered as making her in charge of her marriage.

The Consent of the Guardian
Question :

For the father to make his daughter in charge of her own marriage, must he explicitly mentioned this to her? Or does it suffice that he allows her to be in sexual relationships with whomever she wills, basically to seek her own partner, and that when asked if she would be able to marry whoever she wills without the consent of her father she replies in the affirmative?

Answer :

The consent of the guardian does not have to be direct and explicit in order for the girl to be considered in charge of her marriage. It suffices that she has absolute freedom in choosing her husband, in the manner described, in such a way that she is not recognized by the social standard to be bypassing the right of the guardian when she chooses a husband without referring to him.

The Criteria of Marriage
Question :

What are the factors that the guardian should consider by which he is entitled to accept or refuse marriage proposals for the girl?

Answer :

There are no definitive criteria in this for every case. However, the guardian must fulfill what has been entrusted to him by Almighty Allah by considering the welfare of his daughter as well as her natural need for marriage, even if such considerations do not go by the usual norms of society. Furthermore, he no longer has guardianship if his refusal will cause what is conventionally considered to be harmful for her.

The Refusal of the Guardian
Question :

If the guardian of a virgin girl refuses to grant her permission to get married, is the girl allowed to get married?

Answer :

If the guardian refuses to give his permission for her marriage for the sake of her own welfare then she is not permitted to marry without the consent. If the person that approached her for marriage was suitable for her and the refusal of the guardian was out of stubbornness, then his permission is not required.

The Guardian
Question :

According to Islamic law can the father of the girl that one wants to marry refuse to give his consent and blessing purely based on the fact that one was not born a Muslim or came from a different ethnic background to them?

Answer :

It is obligatory on the father of the girl or her paternal grandfather to guard her welfare in accepting the marriage or refusing it. If the guardian in this case sees that the best interests of his daughter is not to marry this person, then he is permitted to refuse.

Born out of Wedlock
Question :

I have heard that some people reject those who were born out of wedlock because they see them as bad people. Does the Islamic Sharia condone the rejection of marrying someone because they are of illegitimate birth?

Answer :

Marrying those people is permissible. Everybody is entitled to choose his/her life partner in the way that he/she sees suitable whether they were born from a legitimate marriage or not.
The father of the girl that is approached for marriage should choose what is best for his daughter. Defining what is best for her depends on the particular circumstances, social values and maybe other factors. It is possible that the father may see marrying his daughter to a person born out of wedlock to be against her best interests.

Not a Sayyid
Question :

Is it permissible for a father to refuse a proposal from practicing humble believer to marry his daughter just because he is not a Sayyid?

Answer :

The guardian of the girl must consider the welfare of the girl and he is not permitted to prevent her from getting married without a reason that is related to her welfare.

The Acceptance of the Father
Question :

If my father does not accept my marriage to a particular girl, is the marriage still accepted by Allah?

Answer :

The acceptance of your father does not affect the validity of your marriage since it is not mandatory for the son to have his father's permission in getting married. However, try to convince him of your decision since the father has a great position of respect and appreciation from his children in Islamic ethics.