Death is Inevitable
Question :

Given the death of every creation is predestined, is it permissible to smoke tobacco, for example, which decreases one’s lifespan?

Answer :

As long as the individual is able to refrain from what could cause his death, he should protect himself. If he did not and performed what led to his death, he will be held accountable for making such decisions.
One’s pre-destined death by Almighty Allah does not make him unaccountable for such negligence towards himself, as long as he is able to prevent himself from the causes of death.

Creator of Human's Deed
Question :

Are humans creators of their deeds, or is God the creator of the human's deeds? If the latter is the case, then how can humans be judged for their deeds that God programmed them to do?

Answer :

There is no doubt that humans act out of their choice and their will. Thus, the good-doer is praised and the evil-doer is dispraised. If humans were like machines such that their acts are under compulsion, then praising those who do good and dispraising those who commit bad deeds would be meaningless. However, all of this is within the boundaries of Almighty God’s power. He gave the human beings the freedom of choice and will hold them accountable for it, and He can take this ability away from anyone whenever He wishes, and there is no power or strength but from God Almighty.


The Imams of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) explained this belief in their famous narration: “There is no compulsion [from Allah on the humans], nor there is complete delegation (from Him for them without them being under His power), but a matter in between.”

The Divine Justice
Question :

Could you please describe me the belief of "Qadha" and "Qadar" from the view of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them)?

Answer :

The belief of "Qadha" and "Qadar" (fatalism and destiny) in the teachings of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) is "al-Amr baynal-Amrain" - a path between absolute fatalism and absolute freedom. This means that the human being is capable of the actions, has a choice in doing them and is responsible for their consequences; but at the same time, he is under the power of Almighty Allah, since the abilities of the human being is not independent from His power. The human capability is limited by the creation of Almighty Allah and His continuous maintaining of the life of the human being.