Forced to Divorce
Question :

If a person’s life is threatened and is forced to give a divorce, is this divorce valid according to religious parameters?

Answer :

If he was forced to divorce his wife solely because of the threat, then the divorce is invalid. If he decided to divorce her willingly because he was convinced that continuing the relation with his wife would lead to trouble as a result of the current circumstances of the marriage, then the divorce is valid.

Divorce During Menstruation
Question :

If a husband and wife decided on divorce by khula, is it valid if it takes place during menstruation, or if they have sexual intercourse the day before?

Answer :

Divorce of any type is invalid if it takes place during the menstruation period of the wife, or if they had sexual intercourse since the last menstruation period.

Divorce During Pregnancy
Question :

Is it possible for a man to divorce his wife during pregnancy?

Answer :

A man is allowed to divorce his wife while she is pregnant.

Non-Consummated Marriage
Question :

I got married, but did not consummate the marriage, so I am still a virgin. My husband is not in the same country. He might divorce me without asking whether I am in my menstruation period or not. Would the divorce be valid?

Answer :

It is irrelevant whether you are in the mensuration period or not in the validity of the divorce if the marriage was not consummated, i.e. sexual intercourse did not occur.

The Approval of the Witnesses
Question :

Do I need the approval of the witnesses to hear the divorce formula? Can I just say it in front of them, or must they agree to be witnesses for it?

Answer :

It is not required to seek the approval of the witnesses.

Adil Witness
Question :

One performed the divorce in the presence of his wife’s father and the husband of her paternal aunt, on the demand of his wife for divorce. Is the divorce valid?

Answer :

If the said two people are believers, and they adhere to the laws of Islam in a regular way and do not insist on committing sins when they commit any, then they are considered as adil witnesses for a divorce. If the rest of the conditions are met, then the divorce is valid.

Witnesses of Divorce
Question :

My wife is in another city. I want to divorce her and I know I can do it in her absence, but what about two witnesses? Is it permissible to have the two witnesses one by one, or they should both be present?

Answer :

Both of the qualified witnesses must be present when the husband recites the proper form of divorce.

Divorce over the Phone
Question :

Can the divorce be pronounced on the phone?

Answer :

Based on compulsory precaution it is invalid.

Wife's Involvement
Question :

Is it necessary for the wife to be present when the formula of divorce is pronounced?

Answer :

The presence of the wife is not necessary in the validity of the divorce.

The Consent of the Wife
Question :

Can the divorce be given without the consent of the wife?

Answer :

The consent of the wife is not a condition in the validity of the divorce.

Informing the Wife
Question :

Is it is necessary to inform one’s wife or seek permission from her before proceeding for divorce.

Answer :

It is not obligatory.

Triple Divorce
Question :

I am a Shia woman, and I was married to a Sunni man. He has recently divorced me without the presence of any witnesses. Now, he does not want to act upon this divorce and wants to live with me as my husband again. What is my current status?

Answer :

The mentioned divorce is invalid according to the teachings of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them), because there were no witnesses. He is still your husband and you can live with him as his wife.

A Sunni Divorce
Question :

A Sunni man has divorced his Shia wife according to the jurisprudence of his sect i.e. by saying “Ṭalaq” without any witnesses. If the waiting period is finished, can the divorced Shia woman marry someone else?

Answer :

Yes, she can marry another man after the end of the waiting period, since he bound himself to adhere to the jurisprudence of his own sect.

A Sunni Man and A Shia Woman
Question :

A Sunni man was married to a Shia woman. After some time, they were separated. She filed for divorce against him in the courts. He went to a Sunni judge and divorced her but her civil divorce is not completed yet. Is she considered as divorced? Can she remarry again?

Answer :

If the divorce by the Sunni judge was based on the religious laws of the sect of the husband, the divorce is correct, even if it is not registered in a legal way. She can remarry after observing the waiting period (the iddah).

Sunni Divorce
Question :

If a Sunni husband is not fulfilling his rights in relation to his Sunni wife and does not give her a divorce, can she obtain a divorce according to Shia jurisprudence?

Answer :

If she is intending to act upon the rulings of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them), then she may refer to the Shia qualified jurist to divorce her provided that the conditions of divorce are fulfilled.

Divorce Certificate
Question :

Someone has told me that the divorce is invalid if the divorce certificate does not mention its details, such as the addresses, contact numbers and the reason for the divorce. Is this true?

Answer :

It is not necessary in the validity of the divorce to have a certificate.