Distribution of Inheritance
Question :

My paternal uncle passed away recently. He did not have any children of his own, and none of his brothers and sisters are alive either. He does have nephews and nieces, including us. He has five nieces (myself and my sisters) from one brother, two nephews and a niece from another brother, and two nephews and three nieces from a sister. How will the inheritance be divided?

Answer :

The inheritance is divided into five shares: two shares for you and your sisters equally, two shares for the offspring of your uncle, the males receiving twice as much as the females, and one share for the offspring of your aunt, the males receiving twice as much as the females.

The Father
Question :

If a woman has conceived a child before marriage and she marries the same man whose child she is bearing, what will be the ruling about the child?

Answer :

The said child is that of the father by whose sperm he was conceived, as well as being the mother's child. The child belongs to both of them, but does not inherit the father as he was born illegitimately.

Distribution of Inheritance
Question :

A married woman inherited a share of land from her maternal grandfather along with her two sisters. She does not have any children. If the woman dies how will the inheritance of that share of land be divided between her existing family members?

Answer :

The husband is given half of her inheritance and the rest is distributed between her sisters equally. If her husband has passed away before her then her sisters get the inheritance equally.

Non-Muslim
Question :

If a son or daughter of a Muslim leaves Islam and becomes an apostate, does he have the right of inheritance?

Answer :

The non-Muslim does not inherit from the Muslim.

The Inheritance from the Grandfather
Question :

If the deceased has three children, and a fourth son died, and the deceased has three grandchildren through him, will his grandchildren inherit from the grandfather the share of their deceased father?

Answer :

They do not inherit in the said case.

Husband Dies Before Consummating the Marriage
Question :

If the husband dies just after marriage contract, but before the wedding ceremony and consummation of the marriage, does the wife inherit from him?

Answer :

The wife inherits her husband when the marriage contract takes place. However, if the man is ill – and clearly appears to be so – when the marriage contract takes place, she will inherit from him only if they consummated the marriage. If the marriage was not consummated in this case, she does not inherit from him after his death, and there is no dower, and there is no need for her to observe the waiting period (Iddah).

Inheritance of the Father
Question :

My father is still alive and he has given some property to me. Now, my sisters say that they want inheritance. Is there any inheritance from a living person?

Answer :

There is no inheritance from a living person. If you received the property and it became under your control, then you own it. It is not considered as part of your father’s inheritance after his death. If you did not receive it, then it is considered as inheritance after the death of your father.

Chidren from Previous Marriage
Question :

If a man is married to a woman who has children from a previous marriage. Do they inherit the man when he dies?

Answer :

They are not entitled to inherit from him.

Distribution of Inheritance
Question :

My father has recently died. My grandfather and grandmother, my mother, 4 brothers and 3 sisters are the inheritors. How can we divide his Inheritance?

Answer :

The inheritance is divided as follows:
Each one of parent’s share is the sixth. The wife’s share is the eighth from all the inheritance except the worth of lands if any. The children take the rest of inheritance where each male’s share is twice as the share of the female.

Distribution of Inheritance
Question :

If the inheritance of a deceased person is to be divided between his sons and daughters, how is it divided? Does the daughter get her share from the land and buildings, or just the buildings?

Answer :

The inheritance should be divided in a way that each daughter has half the amount of each son. The daughters inherit from the land and buildings, similar to the sons. However, the widowed wife does not inherit from the land.

Unknown Time of Death
Question :

If a son dies and we do not know if his father died before or after him, how is the inheritance spread?

Answer :

If the time of the son’s death is known and the time of the father’s death is unknown, then in this case, the father inherits the son and not vice versa.

Salafi and Non-Muslim
Question :

My maternal uncle has passed away, and we are not sure whether his relatives are still Muslims or not. We heard that one of them is atheist and the other is Salafi, but we are not sure if this is true. What should we do?

Answer :

One should be sure that those relatives are no long Muslims before excluding them from the inheritance. It is not sufficient to consider them as non-Muslims when they do not perform some obligatory worships, like prayers and fasts.
If the Salafi does not reach the level whereby he has hatred for the Imams (peace be upon them) themselves, he is considered a Muslim and he will inherit too.