Istihadha
Question : A woman undertook the operation of hysterectomy – the removal of the womb. Afer that, she started to have some vaginal bleeding because of the wounds inside. Is it permissible for her to fast?
Answer : Yes, she is permitted to fast. The release of such a blood from the womb is recognized as Istihadha. It is of three types as mentioned in the treaties of the practical religious laws.
Lochia - Nifas
Question : Is prayers obligatory while a woman is bleeding due to a miscarriage?
Answer : If the miscarried fetus was recognized as a child:
(a) If she has a habit of duration, then it is obligatory not to offer the prayers and not to have sexual intercourse with her husband for the number of days that corresponds to her menstruation period. If she continues to see blood after this period, then as an obligatory precaution she should do the same for a further day. She may continue to do so until the completion of the ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha.
(b) If she does not a habit of duration, she should observe the above mentioned rulings for ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha, and based on an obligatory precaution she should observe the rules of the woman during lochia (Nifas) for the completion of eighteen days.

If the miscarried fetus was not recognized as a child, like if it is a clot or lump of flesh, then based on an obligatory precaution she should offer the prayers based on the appropriate level of Istihadha and refrain from performing what is prohibited on the woman during lochia (Nifas).
Lochia - Nifas
Question : How many days after giving birth should I start praying? And how should I be showering after that? After how many days from the birth date can I and my husband retain our sexual life?
Answer : If a woman has a habit of duration, she should observe the rules for women during their menstrual period for the same number of day as the days of the menstruation period, so she should not perform her prayers and not have sex with her husband. If she continues to see blood after this period, then as an obligatory precaution she should do the same for a further day. She may continue to do so until the completion of the ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha.

If she does not a habit of duration, she should observe the above-mentioned rulings for ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha, and based on an obligatory precaution she should observe the prohibitions of the woman during lochia (Nifas) and act upon the rules of Istihadha for the completion of eighteen days.
ghusal
Question : I had my child and I was told that I have to wait for 40 days before taking the Nifas ghusl, and I cannot pray, fast ,etc during that time. Is this true?
Answer : The duration of Nifas is the same as that of the regular monthly period, which cannot be more than ten days, and does not last for forty days. During the time of Nifas, all the rules that apply to the woman in menstruation applies to her here.
Little Water
Question :

While I wash an object or my body from najasah, and water splashes onto a place which is tahir, will that place also become najis? Is there a difference if the water I am washing it with is Kurr or Qaleel?

Answer :

If the water used in the process of cleaning is little (qaleel), then the water that splashes off the najasah is najis and causes wherever it lands to also become najis. The exception to this ruling is the water used for istinja, (the process of cleaning the private parts after urination or defecation), in which case the water splashes will be tahir.
If 'immune water' is used, then it is tahir after it splashes off the najasah, and does not cause other objects that it comes in contact with to become najis.
Immune water is categorized into three types:
(a) water that has reached the amount of kurr – approximately 464 kg, and it is better to consider it as 470 kg;
(b) water that which has a source, such as spring water, well water, and tap water which is connected to a large tank or mains water supply;
(c) rain water during rainfall.

Under-Kurr Water
Question :

If a najasah comes into contact with under-kurr water, will it become najis even if the amount of najasah, is very little, like a drop of urine?

Answer :

If the water is less than kurr, it becomes najis when it simply comes into contact with the najasah, even if the najasah is very little that it does not cause any changes to the water.

Kurr Water
Question :

If kurr water comes into contact with najasah, does it automatically become najis too?

Answer :

If water reaches kurr, it does not become najis by simply coming into contact with najasah. It becomes najis when the najasah changes the color of the water, its taste or its smell.

Kurr Water
Question :

How much is kurr water?

Answer :

Kurr water equals in volume to 27 cubic hand-spans. Based on an obligatory precaution, the hand-span is equivalent 25 cm. In terms of mass, Kurr corresponds to 464.1 kg, and it is preferred to consider it to be 470 kg.

Rain Water
Question :

If my mattress has become najis by urine, can it be purified by rainwater?

Answer :

The mattress and its interior become tahir when it is soaked with rainwater while it is raining. Removing the water from it through pressing or squeezing is not required for it to become tahir, nor is it necessary to repeat the process.

Menstruation
Question : If a woman in her menstrual period hears the verse with the obligatory prostration, is she obligated to perform the prostration? Is it possible to do so without a hijab, and on a carpet?
Answer : Yes, it is obligatory on her to prostrate when hearing the verse of prostration. It is permissible without hijab, and based on an obligatory precaution it should be on natural earth like soil, stones, rocks and similar materials, or on what grows on earth provided that it is not consumed for food or worn as clothing.
Menstruation
Question : In the evening, a woman checked that her menstrual bleeding had not ended. She overslept and missed the Morning Prayer, and later on when she woke up she found that he period had ended. Is it necessary for her to make up the Morning Prayer?
Answer : It is not obligatory to make up the Fajr (morning) prayer in the said case.
Menstruation
Question : Can a woman during her menstrual period undertake a recommended ghusl (for example, the ghusl of Friday or the Night of Power)?
Answer : Yes, it is permissible with the hope that such ghusl is desired by Almighty Allah.
Menstruation
Question : For those who have a Sayyida mother, but whose father is not a Sayyid, do they follow the rules of being from Quraish in ascertaining the age of menopause?
Answer : The religious laws that depend on the age of menopause are based on being from Quraish from the father’s side.
menstruation
Question : If during the first day of the menstruation a woman has menstrual bleeding, and then no bleeding for two days, and the following day she sees the bleeding for two days again, is it necessary for her to observe the rules of menstruation during the clear days?
Answer : In this situation, the woman should have the ghusl of menstruation and she offer the prayers during the clean days. If she did not do so then she must offer the prayers as qadha.
She should consider the periods of bleeding as menstruation, even if they were separated by clean periods.
Menstruation
Question : Is intercourse allowed during the period of blood stains or spotting prior to the menstrual cycle?
Answer : If the woman sees spots of blood before the set day of her period by a day or two, such blood is considered as menstrual blood and it is prohibited to have sexual intercourse during such time.
Haiz
Question : If a woman is in her period, is there any restriction to the amount of Quran she may recite? Could she, for example, complete the entire Quran whilst on her period?
Answer : Such recitation is permissible although it is disliked, except that it is prohibited for her to recite the verses of prostration.
Menstruation
Question : If on the first night of marriage the wife is having menstruation period, is sex forbidden?
Answer : It is prohibited to have sexual intercourse in the time of menstruation. Other sexual activities are permissible.
Menstruation
Question : When does the woman reach the age of menopause as per the sharia?
Answer : If the woman was not a descendant of Qurasih, then the time of the Sharia-defined menopause is the age of fifty years. If she was a descendant of Quraish, then this time begins at the age of sixty years. However, if she knows that the blood that she has discharges is menstruation, even if her age is above the age of sharia defined menopause, she should apply the laws of menstruation to it.
Menstruation
Question : If the Dhuhr (noon) time has come, and after some time a woman starts her menstrual period before she started performing the prayer, is she still liable to offer the prayer?
Answer : If the woman starts the menstruation after the end of the preferred time of the prayer, she should make up this missed prayer after the end of the menstrual period as Qadha. In fact, as an obligatory precaution, she should still make up the missed prayer if sufficient time had passed for her to offer the prayer before the start of her period.
Menstruation
Question : What is the kaffārah for having intercourse with the spouse during menstruation?
Answer : There is no obligatory kaffārah but it is recommended. The recommended kaffārah is 4.25 gm. of gold or its worth if the sexual intercourse was in the beginning of menstruation, half of this amount if it was in the middle of menstruation and its quarter if it occurred at the end.
It is sufficient to pay the value of the gold.