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I know that when a person receives income then he has to pay one-fifth of it after expenses for the year. However, if I receive a weekly salary and I pay the khums from it every week, have I paid the obligatory khums for the year?
If one pays khums every week from his weekly salary, then he does not have to pay khums at end of the khums year. If he did not do so, as he is permitted to delay the payment of khums until the end of the khums year, then he can pay the khums from the remainder of his earnings after the payment of the yearly expenses.
I have started my business last year on credit basis and by the grace of Allah I have completed one year of business this year. So please tell me how I should calculate khums from business earnings even if I still have debts to clear.
With the assumption that you paid khums on the capital money before you used it for the business, at the end of the khums year the debts and all other paid expenses for that year are deducted from the profits, and khums is due on the remaining balance. If the balance is zero or negative, no khums is due for that year.
I am currently unemployed and looking for work. Is khums obligatory on me to pay? Who do I pay it to?
Khums is obligatory once a year. It is on what exceeds the expenses during the year. One should refer to an agent of the marji', and determine a fixed yearly time to pay khums after calculating it.
Is it obligatory to pay khums on what is spent on prohibited expenses, such as paying a barber to shave one's beard?
Khums is not obligatory on expenses if they were spent in prohibited ways. However, a believer is expected not to perform any prohibited thing even if he thinks it is small, since it is a disobedience to Almighty Allah.
I have taken some money as a loan from my father and I am using it for my business. Will I need to pay Khums on this?
Khums is not obligatory on the loan, it is obligatory on the profits.
Do I need to pay Khums on the money for which I have paid last year?
It is not obligatory to pay Khums from monies that Khums was paid from in past years.
I own some items at home. Do I pay khums for these every year even if I have used them?
If they were used, then it is not obligatory to pay khums for them. Otherwise, they are subject to khums once.
If I had $1000 at the end of a year after deducting expenses, and I paid khums leaving $800. During the following year, I spent $200 from the $800. By the end of the year, I saved an extra $400 after expenses. Must I pay khums on $200 or $400?
Your net wealth is $1000, whereas $800 is the 80% of last year’s net income after khums was paid. This means that your net income for this year is $200 from which you have to pay khums ($40). Therefore, for the next year $960 will be exempted from khums ($800 from the previous year, plus $160 remaining from the current year).
If I have started employment and am earning my own income, how do I give khums? Do I give 20% of my salary each time it enters my bank account? Do I wait a year and then give 20% of what I have left?
If the salary payments are deposited in an account in a private or government bank, then it is subject to khums. This also applies to a transfer of the salary payments to an account in a private bank.
If the salary payments are transferred into an account in a government bank, then it not considered owned until it is withdrawn physically and khums is not due before that.
It is obligatory to pay khums at the end of the khums year from what remains after any expenses paid.
I work as an employee in a Government office in India, and some amount from our monthly salary is paid towards a pension fund. This amount remains in their custody and at the disposal of the Government. When the employee retires, the money with interest will be paid back to him. If the employee at some point during his service requires some money from his pension fund, it is paid to him with the condition that he pays it back within a specific timeframe. Now the question is if the employee, during his service period, withdraws some amount from his pension fund account, has he to pay the Khums of this amount immediately considering that it has been there for more than a year? What is the ruling on the amount which he redeposits into this account?
Khums does not apply to the portion that the government deducts from the salary of the individual. Khums is applicable on withdrawn amounts at the khums year-end, not immediately. Khums is also applicable on the amount that is redeposited, and is payable when the Khums year ends.
I work for a retail company in the West, and they pay my wages directly into my bank account. This money has never been withdrawn by me and has sat in my account since it was transferred. I do transfer a part of it into another savings account through the internet every month. After a year of transferring, but never withdrawing and holding the money physically, will this money be subject to Khums, and is Hajj obligatory on me if there is enough in the savings account to cover Hajj costs?
If you work in a state establishment and your salary is transferred directly to a state-owned bank, then the laws of khums and Hajj do not apply on the salary. They both apply on amounts that you withdraw from the bank. Both conditions must be present (working for the state and the bank being owned by the state) in order for this ruling to apply.
If one of the two conditions are not fulfilled, like if you work for a private establishment or the amount is transferred to a private bank, or both of them are not present, the regular laws of Khums and Hajj apply. That is, if the amount adds up to what is sufficient to cover the cost of Hajj, it becomes obligatory. Likewise, Khums has to be paid from the unused portion of it at the end of the Khums year.
I opened a savings account in the bank in my name. This is a family savings account which everyone in my family will contribute to and put money in until it accumulates. Seeing as it is not only my money but belongs to the family, who is it that will have to pay the khums for this?
It is obligatory to pay the khums from your own money, not from the money of other people. If the money is mixed with the money of others, it does not affect this obligation, so it is better for each person to keep account of his share.
Is there any Khums payable on books given to me by someone as a gift if it stays in my personal library for a period of a year?
If you needed them or made use of them even for a short period of time, then khums is not due on them.
My bank has given me the option of free transactions if I maintain a balance of $1500 all the time. Do I have to pay khums on this amount at the end of the khums fiscal year?
Khums is payable if the amount was deposited into the account and maintained for one full year.
Somebody had income from lawful and unlawful sources, like he took interest from the believers. He has stopped doing this now and started practicing the religion. What is his obligation in respect to this money now, considering that he does not know how much he took from who?
If he does not know who he took the interest from, and he cannot determine which part of his wealth is lawful and which part is unlawful, then he should pay the khums from the mixed amount.
My wife and I are both working. We have a joint current account into which both our salaries are deposited. At the end of the year, a sum remains in the balance. All our expenses are met from this account, and there is no discrimination as to whose money is being utilized. How do we calculate khums that is due?
You can calculate the khums of the amount in the bank account by calculating 20% of the remaining balance.
I have recently bought a house. I also have a fixed deposit, plus a sum of US dollars and some gold.
Kindly let me know how to calculate khums I have to pay, if this is the total wealth?
If you did not live in the house until after the end of the khums year, then the khums is the fifth of the house’s value. If you lived in the house before the end of the khums year, then the house is not a subject to khums. You should pay khums from your savings and the unused gold.
Is there any Khums on gifts?
If it or some of it remains unused till the khums year-end, then it is subject to khums.
I have been working and earning money for some time, but never paid Khums. Is it still obligatory on me to pay Khums on my minor monthly savings at the end of each year? Is it true that I need to fix a date in a year and calculate how much Khums is due on that date every year?
Yes, this is true; you should determine the beginning of the Khums year, which is a set date ever year. For the past period in which the Khums has not been paid, you will need to agree with your Marji or his agent on an appropriate set date and to calculate the due Khums accordingly.
Additional to this, you will need to pay the Khums of all unused items in your possession, include money you have in your hands as cash and what you have saved in the bank.
Once the due Khums has been paid, you are left with 80% of the original amount. Khums will not be paid on this 80% remainder again, and you are to calculate the next Khums payment on any further savings at the next set date.
If the value of my debt is greater than the value of my wealth by the end of my khums year, is khums applicable upon me if there was an increase in my wealth from the previous year, but that I still do not have enough to completely pay off the debt from a loan?
If you have debts from this present year that remained unpaid at the end of the khums fiscal year, and they are more than the net profit of this current year, then you do not have to pay khums.