Question : It is mentioned in the edicts of his Eminence that the dog used for hunting should not be purely black; but if you use a black dog what will be the consequences of this? Will this be a sin, or will the prey be forbidden to consume?
Answer : The meat of an animal hunted by a dog whose entire body is black is unlawful to consume based on an obligatory precaution.
Question : It is mentioned the edicts of His Eminence that the fish must be taken out of the water alive when it was caught in order for it to be lawful to consume. If there is fish in a shop and it has scales, or the eggs of such a fish, how am I supposed to know whether it was caught dead or alive? Does this mean we have to know that this fish in particular in front of us was caught alive? Or can we make assumptions based on the possibility that it was caught alive?
Answer : The conventional and usual way of fishing and catching fish is according to the sharia-defined way, i.e. take the fish alive from the water. So the doubt whether it is caught alive or not is usually not reasonable and one can ignore it.
But if the doubt is based on evidence indicating that there is also a convention that people catch fish in another way in which the fish die in the water, this will make the consumption of such fish unlawful.
Question : Is a fish that is hunted and killed by a spear or harpoon lawful to eat?
Answer : If the fish dies outside the water then it is permissible to consume it. If it dies inside the water then it is prohibited to consume.
Question : In some countries, Muslims slaughter chickens with automated machine and a CD player read Takbir. Is such meat Halal?
Answer : It is not permissible to consume the chicken in the mentioned case.
Question : If a butcher is a non-practicing Muslim, i.e. he does not offer prayers and other obligations and refrain from prohibited things, and I know that he does not observe the conditions of slaughtering, such as placing the animals to face Qibla and reciting the Name of Allah, is his meat permissible?
Answer : If the butcher knows that the animal must face the Qibla when slaughtered and he does not observe such a condition deliberately, then the meat of the animal is not lawful to consume. If he forgot to do so or he did not know that this is a condition then the meat is permissible to consume.
If the butcher forget to recite the Name of Allah when slaughtering the animal, then it is lawful to consume the meat. If he did not do so deliberately or out of ignorance then the meat is unlawful to consume.
Question : If the butcher is a non-Muslim and he slaughters an animal, is the meat of that animal permissible to consume? What if the non-Muslim slaughterer has similar laws to us in his religion, and what if the non-Muslim follows the Islamic laws and conditions of slaughtering the animal?
Answer : It is not permissible to consume meat slaughtered by a non-Muslim.
Question : If the meat is stunned before slaughtering, will it be permissible to eat? What if one doubts whether the stunning has killed the animal?
Answer : If one knows that the death of the animal was a result of the slaughtering process, it is permissible to consume. Otherwise, it is not permissible to consume.
Question : If a chicken is slaughtered using a machine but the name of Allah is mentioned over it as well as all the other conditions needed for it to be permissible, will it be permissible to consume?
Answer : The slaughterer must be a Muslim and the act of slaughtering should be related to him in such a way the slaughtering and the operating of the machinery are conventionally simultaneous. If the slaughtering is related to the machine, the slaughtered bird is not lawful even if the name of Allah was mentioned.
Question : If one doubts whether the animal was slaughtered correctly or not, can he buy its meat and eat it?
Answer : If one doubts whether the animal was slaughtered in the religious correct way when purchasing the meat from a Muslim, then it is permissible to assume that it is slaughtered correctly. Yes, if he knew that the meat sold by a Muslim is not slaughtered in accordance to the religious teachings, then it is not permissible for him to buy it or consume it.
Question : For a fish to be lawful to consume, does a Muslim have to witness the person getting the fish out of the water alive?
Answer : It is sufficient in the permissibility of consuming the fish that it is removed from the water alive, even if the person who has done that is not a Muslim. It is not a condition that a Muslim sees that take place. It is sufficient if a trustworthy person informed of such, or if this is generally known to be the case from the surrounding circumstances.
Question : In some countries fish is mostly sold by non-Muslims. They kill the fish by throwing it on the ground (in front of buyers), clean it and cut it into pieces. Is it considered prohibited eat such fish because it is killed by a non-Muslim?
Answer : It is permissible to eat the fish when it dies outside the water, even by cutting it into pieces or separating it into parts or by cutting the side to clean it, whether a Muslim or a non-Muslim does this.
Question : In todayâ€™s world the hunters, when hunting birds like ducks and geese, use lead shots as a weapon of killing, but not sharp objects. Are the meat of birds killed by non-sharp shots permissible to consume?
Answer : If the bullets are tapered, then the hunted animal is lawful to consume. If they were rounded in shape then the animal is not lawful to consume based on an obligatory precaution.
Question : Today in non-Muslim countries, there are a lot of artificial fish cultivation places where the fish are pulled out alive (not dead). Even in the assembly line at a factory, the fish often alive where it is treated. I also worked on the ship in a non-Muslim country and saw that the sea fish are caught alive. Is this information sufficient to safely buy fish sold by non-Muslims, or is it necessary to know that the particular fish that I am buying was taken out of the water alive?
Answer : If the general trend in fishing is that the fish are removed out of the water alive and the business is based on not marketing fish found dead in the water, and the possibility of selling fish which has died in the water is because of error, one should not pay attention to such possibilities and the fish may be bought and eaten.
Question : If the person who pushes the button to start the machine for the slaughtering of large quantities of chicken is a Muslim who recites the Bismillah while the slaughtering takes place, is this method sufficient?
Answer : Reciting the Name of Allah suffices while slaughtering such a large quantity as long as the slaughtering and the operating of the machinery are conventionally simultaneous and the machinery is merely a tool of the slaughterer, as long as all other conditions are fulfilled. However, if the machine is continuously slaughtering the chickens with its automated movement due to the continuing supply of electricity, without the direct involvement of the person and him being regarded as the actual slaughterer, then it is not sufficient.
Question : Is it permissible to recite the names of the 14 Infallibles (peace be upon them) in slaughtering the animal instead of the name of God?
Answer : It is obligatory to mention the name of Almighty Allah on the sacrifice during the actual slaughtering and it is not sufficient to mention the names of the Infallible Imams. If the slaughterer did not mention the name of Almighty Allah during the slaughtering process, it is prohibited to consume the animal. Yes, it is recommended to recite the Salawat on the Prophet and his progeny (peace be upon them all) during the slaughtering process.
Question : Is it permissible for women to slaughter animals?
Answer : Yes, it is permissible.
Question : We have recently learned that animals are stunned with electricity to make them unconscious before they are slaughtered. Is this allowed according to Shia fiqh, and if so up to what level of stunning is allowed?
Answer : If its death is caused by electric shock, then it is prohibited to consume. If the shock just put the animal to sleep and death was caused by slaughtering the animal, then it is permitted to consume.
Question : Is it permissible to consume meat that is slaughtered by a Christian?
Answer : No, it is not permissible.
Question : According to Shia jurisprudence, we are not permitted to eat meat of a lawful animal if it was slaughtered by Nawasib. Are we allowed to eat meat of animal slaughtered by "Wahabisâ€ and â€œSalafis" since they hate Imam Ali (peace be upon them)?
Answer : If they hate the Ahlulbait (Peace be upon them) then their slaughtered animal must be avoided based on compulsory precaution; but if they hate the followers of the Imams of the Ahlulbait without hating the Imams (peace be upon them), then it allowed to consume their slaughtered lawful animal.