Question : My question is regarding the status of Ayesha bint Abi Bakr. I recently had a heated argument whereby this person who is also a Shia claimed that Shias must address Ayesha bint Abi Bakr as Umm Al Mumineen as it was addressed by Allah in the Quran.
Should Shias call her Umm Al Mumineen?
Answer : Holy Quran called the wives of the Prophet (peace be upon him and holy progeny) as the mothers of believers. There is no doubt that this name applies to them, but there is no obligation to mention it every time the name of a wife is mentioned and this does not mean that they are excluded from committing sins. Everyone Allah Almighty creates is subject to the general divine rule that everyone bears the responsibilities of their actions, as Almighty Allah said: "And whoso doeth good an atoms weight will see it then, And whoso doeth ill an atoms weight will see it then." (99:7-8).
Question : What proof is there that the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) was created from light?
Answer : It is mentioned in many narrations that the Prophet and the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) were lights created before the creation of Adam (peace be upon him). To this effect, the Ziyara of Jameâ€™a includes the passage: â€œAllah created you as lights around His throne until he blessed us with youâ€¦â€. This does not mean that they were created from this material light. It is rather, a metaphysical meaning that the narration referred to it. Allah Knows best.
Question : How many daughters did the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) have?
Answer : Apparently, Fatima Al-Zahra (peace be upon her) is the only daughter of the prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny). Others like Zainab and Rouqayyah are daughters of Khadijah. Some even say that they were Khadijaâ€™s step-daughters.
Question : Some people doubt the existence of Haleema Al-Sadiyah, as a wet nurse to the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) since she was a non-believer and cannot breastfeed him. What do you think?
Answer : This is not a belittling of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) since she was not his natural mother, plus the fact that she might have been a believer in Almighty Allah, as some people at that time were believers.
Question : We are told that Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his noble progeny) went on Meâ€™raj to have a conversation with God. What was the Meâ€™raj and where did he travel to, if it really happened?
Answer : There is no doubt in the travel of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his progeny) from the holy Mosque in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, when he saw on his way certain things that relate to one of the Quraish caravans and he was confirmed to be saying the truth. Also, he mentioned certain metaphysical incidents that took place which indicate his ascendance to a metaphysical world that Almighty Allah wanted to show his prophet the big and great signs in this journey.
We, as believers in the Prophet, believe in what he informed us in regards to this ascendance, just as we believe in all what he informed us regarding the metaphysical worlds, like Heaven, Hell, the Day of Judgments, the Bridge, etc., after his prophecy and truthfulness has been proven.
Question : The messenger of Allah (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) is Ummi as per the holy Quran/in chapter 62 Juma. Ummi means jaahil (illiterate) but only Shia call the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) as not jaahil (illiterate)?
Answer : Illiteracy is the lack of knowledge and understanding. It is a sort of imperfection that cannot be part of the prophet's personality. The messenger of Allah was - without any doubt - aware of all what he needed to prove and support his message. The huge amount of information and knowledge that were spread in many narrations is sufficient to prove such a truth. Imam Ali was referring to such enormous knowledge when he said: "the messenger of Allah taught me a thousand doors (kind) of knowledge; each one of them opens to a thousand more doors".
Not being able to read is not a deficiency since reading is a way people use to gain information and knowledge and the prophet (peace be upon him and his holy progeny) did not gain his knowledge throughout studying and learning but rather got them directly from Almighty Allah.
Question : According to Shia sect, Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) was martyred?
Answer : History books mentioned that the prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny) was poisoned by a Jewish woman in the city of khaiber. His health was restored afterwards but the same illness returned and resulted to his death.
Allah knows best.
Question : Why did the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) marry Aisha? Was there any specific purpose behind it? I am asking this question because the non-Muslims get a chance of making accusations against the Prophet.
Answer : The Prophetâ€™s (peace be upon him and his progeny) marriage to Aisha is looked at by the enemies of Islam as a negative episode in the Prophetâ€™s life, using the current cultural view about the age of the wife. This cultural view about the success of the marriage and personal life of the wife when she marries at a later age is a result of our modern time and its complications, and did not exist during that time nor did it exist during later eras.
Anyhow, a researcher will see that history did not reflect that she was forced into the marriage. All this shows that what the enemies of Islam present as a negative side in the personality of the Prophet is not based on a realistic foundation. It is, rather, using an old incident that took place during totally different social circumstances and judging it based on a modern view of marriage.