The Procedure of Changing Taqleed
Question :

I would like to ask what is the procedure of changing one’s marja of taqleed?

Answer :

You can change your marja by starting to refer to the edicts of the new marja and acting upon them.
However, the change is permissible only if it is based on religious evidence, for example, when it is proven to you that the new marja is more knowledgeable than the current one.

Following Based on Religious Evidence
Question :

I have read on your site: "The change (of a marja) is permissible only if it is based on religious evidence, for example, when it is proven to you that the new marja is more knowledgeable than the current one." What would be an example of religious evidence? For example, if I asked members of ahl-ul-khibrah and they said that a mujtahid is more knowledgeable than the one I follow, would this be sufficient?

Answer :

Yes, the testimony of the ahl-ul-khibrah is considered as religious evidence as long as it is based on referring to the researches of the mujtahids.

Changing the Taqleed
Question :

Is it permissible to change my taqleed in a particular issue because the edict of the marja I am following causes hardship for me?

Answer :

It is not permissible to switch from a mujtahid to another just because the second mujtahid's edict is easier to follow or pleases the individual more. The first marja must be followed as long as he is still fulfills all the conditions of the marja. However, if the marja that you are following has an obligatory precaution, then you can follow another qualified marja in that issue.

Same Level of Knowledge
Question :

If somebody is following a certain marja and he discovers that there is another marja who is at the same level of knowledge according to the view of members of ahl-ul-khibrah, can he choose between the two?

Answer :

It is not permissible to change from the current marja unless it is proven by religious evidence that another mujtahid is more knowledgeable than him.

Questionable Taqleed
Question :

as following a Mujtahid who I believed to be worthy of being a Marja, but I later realized after some research that and he was not the most knowledgeable and his ijtihad was questionable. A trusted person told me that a particular Marja was amongst the most knowledgeable Mujtahids, and I began following him although I was not certain that He was the most knowledgeable. Is my taqleed valid?

Answer :

If it has been proven to you via religious evidence that there are Marjas who are more knowledgeable than the Marja that you used to follow, you should refrain from following the latter and search for the most knowledgeable amongst those Marjas. If you could determine him by religious evidence then you should emulate him. If you could not, you must choose the most pious amongst them and if the said is not possible too, you can choose one of them and emulate him.

Changing the Taqleed
Question :

I would like to know if I can change my Taqleed from a living Mujtahid to Ayatullah Sayyid Sa'eed al-Hakeem?

Answer :

You should stay on your Taqleed unless it is proven to you that his eminence Sayyid al-Hakeem (may Allah prolong his life) is more knowledgeable than your current Marja by referring to the experts who can certify this when they refer to the juristic derivation ways of both of them.

Following his Eminence
Question :

I am following a current Marja. After doing research, I concluded that Ayatollah Sayyid Saeed al-Hakeem (may Allah prolong his life) is the most knowledgeable. Is permissible to change my Taqleed to follow him?

Answer :

Yes, it is permissible to do so.

Following a Dead Marja
Question :

Should I remain emulating a Marja after his death?

Answer :

If it was proven to you that one of the living Marjas is more knowledgeable than the deceased Marja that you used to follow, then it is obligatory on you to switch to the living Marja. If this is not proven to you and you used to follow a religious scholar that satisfied the characteristics of the Marja then you should continue following him.

Difficult Verdicts
Question :

Is it possible to change one’s Marja because the first Marja’s verdicts are very difficult to follow in comparison to the second Marja’s verdicts?

Answer :

After choosing a certain Marja who is qualified to be followed and following him, you should continue following him, until it is proven to you via religious evidence that indicates that there is a more knowledgeable living Mujtahid than the current Mujtahid. It is not permissible to pick verdicts from another Marja just because it suits you.

Paying Kaffara
Question :

I was doing the Taqleed of a scholar who says that if I do a certain action I must pay a kaffara. I did the action, but before paying the kaffara I did more research and switched to your taqleed. After reading your rulings, I found that you do not require a kaffara to be paid. In such a case, do I act on your ruling and not pay, or am I still obligated to do so?

Answer :

A Kaffara is not obligatory in the said case.