Najis Part of Ghusl
Question :

If after finishing ghusl, I remember that my leg was najis before I started ghusl, will I have to repeat the ghusl again completely? Is it sufficient to make only my leg tahir and wash that part only with the intention of ghusl?

Answer :

It is sufficient to purify your leg and wash it, with the intention of ghusl.

Ghusl of Istihadha
Question : A woman undertook the operation of hysterectomy – the removal of the womb. Afer that, she started to have some vaginal bleeding because of the wounds inside. Is it permissible for her to fast?
Answer : Yes, she is permitted to fast. The release of such a blood from the womb is recognized as Istihadha. It is of three types as mentioned in the treaties of the practical religious laws.
Ghusl of Lochia - Nifas
Question : Is prayers obligatory while a woman is bleeding due to a miscarriage?
Answer : If the miscarried fetus was recognized as a child:
(a) If she has a habit of duration, then it is obligatory not to offer the prayers and not to have sexual intercourse with her husband for the number of days that corresponds to her menstruation period. If she continues to see blood after this period, then as an obligatory precaution she should do the same for a further day. She may continue to do so until the completion of the ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha.
(b) If she does not a habit of duration, she should observe the above mentioned rulings for ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha, and based on an obligatory precaution she should observe the rules of the woman during lochia (Nifas) for the completion of eighteen days.

If the miscarried fetus was not recognized as a child, like if it is a clot or lump of flesh, then based on an obligatory precaution she should offer the prayers based on the appropriate level of Istihadha and refrain from performing what is prohibited on the woman during lochia (Nifas).
Ghusl of Lochia - Nifas
Question : How many days after giving birth should I start praying? And how should I be showering after that? After how many days from the birth date can I and my husband retain our sexual life?
Answer : If a woman has a habit of duration, she should observe the rules for women during their menstrual period for the same number of day as the days of the menstruation period, so she should not perform her prayers and not have sex with her husband. If she continues to see blood after this period, then as an obligatory precaution she should do the same for a further day. She may continue to do so until the completion of the ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha.

If she does not a habit of duration, she should observe the above-mentioned rulings for ten days. The remaining period of discharge is considered to be as Istihadha, and based on an obligatory precaution she should observe the prohibitions of the woman during lochia (Nifas) and act upon the rules of Istihadha for the completion of eighteen days.
ghusal
Question : I had my child and I was told that I have to wait for 40 days before taking the Nifas ghusl, and I cannot pray, fast ,etc during that time. Is this true?
Answer : The duration of Nifas is the same as that of the regular monthly period, which cannot be more than ten days, and does not last for forty days. During the time of Nifas, all the rules that apply to the woman in menstruation applies to her here.
Restrictions on Reading Quran
Question :

If a woman is in her period, is there any restriction to the amount of Quran she may recite? Could she, for example, complete the entire Quran whilst on her period?

Answer :

Such recitation is permissible although it is disliked, except that it is prohibited for her to recite the verses of prostration.

First Night of Marriage
Question :

If on the first night of marriage the wife is having menstruation period, is sex forbidden?

Answer :

It is prohibited to have sexual intercourse in the time of menstruation. Other sexual activities are permissible.

Recommended Ghusl
Question :

Can a woman during her menstrual period undertake a recommended ghusl (for example, the ghusl of Friday or the Night of Power)?

Answer :

Yes, it is permissible with the hope that such ghusl is desired by Almighty Allah.

The Age of Menopause
Question :

When does the woman reach the age of menopause as per the sharia?

Answer :

If the woman was not a descendant of Qurasih, then the time of the Sharia-defined menopause is the age of fifty years. If she was a descendant of Quraish, then this time begins at the age of sixty years. However, if she knows that the blood that she has discharges is menstruation, even if her age is above the age of sharia defined menopause, she should apply the laws of menstruation to it.

Sayyida Mother
Question :

For those who have a Sayyida mother, but whose father is not a Sayyid, do they follow the rules of being from Quraish in ascertaining the age of menopause?

Answer :

The religious laws that depend on the age of menopause are based on being from Quraish from the father's side.

Causes of Ghusl of Menstruation
Question :

If I see menstrual-type bleeding for two days, then it stops for a day, and then the bleeding starts again and continues for another five days, will I consider all of it to be menstruation, or will I consider the first two days to be istihadha?

Answer :

The bleeding is not considered as menstruation unless it lasts for a total of three days - even if it is separated with gaps - within a period of ten days. In the said circumstance, all of the bleeding will be considered menstruation.

Kaffara for Intercourse Druing Menstruation
Question :

What is the kaffara for having intercourse with the spouse during menstruation?

Answer :

There is no obligatory kaffara but it is recommended. The recommended kaffara is 4.25 gm. of gold or its worth if the sexual intercourse was in the beginning of menstruation, half of this amount if it was in the middle of menstruation and its quarter if it occurred at the end.
It is sufficient to pay the value of the gold.

Rulings of Menstruation
Question :

If the Dhuhr (noon) time has come, and after some time a woman starts her menstrual period before she started performing the prayer, is she still liable to offer the prayer?

Answer :

If the woman starts the menstruation after the end of the preferred time of the prayer, she should make up this missed prayer after the end of the menstrual period as Qadha. In fact, as an obligatory precaution, she should still make up the missed prayer if sufficient time had passed for her to offer the prayer before the start of her period.

Causes of Ghusl of Menstruation
Question :

If during the first day of the menstruation a woman has menstrual bleeding, and then no bleeding for two days, and the following day she sees the bleeding for two days again, is it necessary for her to observe the rules of menstruation during the clear days?

Answer :

In this situation, the woman should have the ghusl of menstruation and she offer the prayers during the clean days. If she did not do so then she must offer the prayers as qadha.
She should consider the periods of bleeding as menstruation, even if they were separated by clean periods.

Rulings of Menstruation
Question :

In the evening, a woman checked that her menstrual bleeding had not ended. She overslept and missed the Morning Prayer, and later on when she woke up she found that he period had ended. Is it necessary for her to make up the Morning Prayer?

Answer :

It is not obligatory to make up the Fajr (morning) prayer in the said case.

The Verse of Prostration
Question :

If a woman in her menstrual period hears the verse with the obligatory prostration, is she obligated to perform the prostration? Is it possible to do so without a hijab, and on a carpet?

Answer :

Yes, it is obligatory on her to prostrate when hearing the verse of prostration. It is permissible without hijab, and based on an obligatory precaution it should be on natural earth like soil, stones, rocks and similar materials, or on what grows on earth provided that it is not consumed for food or worn as clothing.

Causes of Ghusl of Menstruation
Question :

Is intercourse allowed during the period of blood stains or spotting prior to the menstrual cycle?

Answer :

If the woman sees spots of blood before the set day of her period by a day or two, such blood is considered as menstrual blood and it is prohibited to have sexual intercourse during such time.

Verses of Prostration
Question :

Can a man or a woman in the state of janaba recite those verses which obligate prostration?

Answer :

It is not permissible for the person in the state of janaba to recite the verses of prostration. He may recite the rest of the Quran.

Sexual Attraction
Question :

Sometimes when I feel sexual attraction, there is an involuntary discharge of liquid, which may or may not be followed by semen. Will I need to do the ghusl of janaba?

Answer :

If the semen was released, then ghusl must be performed before offering the prayers. The release of another fluid, such as what may be released during foreplay and sexual urges does not obligate ghusl.

The Ghusl of Friday
Question :

If a person performs the ghusl of Friday, does that remove the need for performing wudhu? If a person performs another recommended ghusl, does this also remove the need for performing wudhu?

Answer :

Yes, the Friday ghusl compensates the need to perform wudhu. The same can be said regarding all ghusls which are proven to be recommended in the Sharia, like the ghusl of the day of Eid and the ghusl of the day of Arafat.
However, those ghusls which have not been proven to be recommended, like the ghusl of the day of Ghadeer and the ghusl of the day of Nowruz, if they are performed the believer is rewarded but will still need to perform the wudhu for prayers.