Day Questions

I offer prayers in my office. Can I do wudhu and pray with my shoes on in case I am unable to go to the mosque.

The wudhu is not valid with the shoes on. Praying with the shoes on is permissible if one can place the tips of the two big toes on the ground while wearing the shoes.

If the government of Saudi Arabia announces the first of Dhil-Hijjah to be on a particular day, which does not conform to the religiously-established day, can he perform the Hajj according to the government-announced date?

If the current authorities of the two holy mosques permit Muslims from all sects to perform their Hajj based on the teaching of their own sects, then one must follow what the religious evidences prove in determining the time to perform the Hajj accordingly. If the authorities have enforced a set day, then it is acceptable to perform the rites of Hajj accordingly.

As the intention is an act of the heart and not the tongue, why do some say the intention aloud while raising their hands for the Takbeer, and before the Iqamah has ended?

There is no need for uttering the intention or saying it out aloud. Rather, it is recommended not to talk - even by pronouncing the intention - during the Adhan or Iqamah. The dislike of this is stronger in the Iqamah, and even greater if one speaks after the phrase "Qad Qamatis-Salah" is recited. It is recommended to repeat the whole Iqamah if one talked during it. People's practice in pronouncing the intention originates from the fact that the intention is a condition in worship, without understanding that there is no need to pronounce it.

Some religious chants and poetry are accompanied by music, and one feels attracted to them and react to them. Is this permissible?

It is prohibited to react with rapture to the music and the songs; it is not prohibited if the reaction is to the content only.