Day Questions

I have heard from Ahl-al-Sunna that a Shia Marja stated the following: "Reconciliatory Taqiyah. This type of Taqiyah is done when a person intends to reconcile with the other side or when he intends to soften their hearts. This kind of Taqiyah is permissible but not obligatory" they have related this belief to the verse: "When they [hypocrites] meet those who believe, they say: 'We believe.' But when they are alone with their evil ones, they say: "We are really with you, we (were) only jesting.'" (Quran, 2:14) I am having a hard time replying to this.

The connection made of the Taqiyya which is based on softening the hearts with the said verse is originated from intolerance and ignorance of the reasons and justifications behind this law. All Muslims are under the flag of Islam, and softening their heart by the decrease of their differences is amongst the interests that has concerned the Shia and their Imams throughout history; whereas the verse talks about the hypocrites who do not believe in the Hereafter or in the foundations of the religion, and they claim to be Muslims in front of other Muslims. So how are those people related to trying to unite the Muslims and decrease the level of differences between them? Those fanatics do not understand anything but intolerance and rejection of other sects and disregarding them, and do not care about the image of Islam or its high concerns. Today they are more harmful than the direct enemies of Islam as a result of their behaviors that originated from narrow minded thinking and blind prejudice.

How much is the Diyah after beating someone in the following scenarios:a) If the face is blackened by beating.b) If the face becomes green.c) If it is reddened.d) If it is another part of the body, other than face

The Diyah in beating someone in the face when blackened is six golden dinars. If the face becomes green then it is three dinars. If it becomes red then it is 1.5 dinar. Each dinar is equivalent to 4.25 grams of gold. If the beating was on other than the face, like the hand, leg and foot, or chest then it is half of what is mentioned. If it was on the head then there are various cases with different rulings for the Diyah. All the cases and their rulings are mentioned in details in the book of practical laws.

When I go to study in the Islamic seminary of Najaf, what do I have to study to become a mujtahid?

A believer should aim to fulfill the religious responsibilities of upholding the orders of the Sharia; one of them is learning the Islamic laws and teaching them. This could be achieved by learning more about the religion – and not necessarily reaching the level of ijtihad – by which a believer could serve Islam. One could serve the religion and be a role model amongst his society, family and friends by being obedient to the Islamic laws and by spreading the religious teachings in the areas where he resides. Therefore, ijtihad is not a goal that a student should have from the beginning. Ijtihad is a talent that can be achieved by studying and with the guidance of Almighty Allah. A student of Islamic studies should study hard and make use of his time as much as possible. If he achieves this, then he can thank Almighty Allah for this bounty. If he does not, he can still serve the religion.

When a girl becomes nine years old, does she have the right to choose whether she wants to live with her father or her mother?

Yes, if she reached the age of nine years, she can decide with whom she wants to live.

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