It is obligatory to stay in Muzdalifa until after the time of Fajr. Based on compulsory precaution, the pilgrim should stay there from the middle of the night until the spread of the light after Fajr that allows pilgrims to see their way, but it is better to stay until after sunrise.
<p style="text-align: left;">One should observe the taharah of the clothes during the prayer as the prayer is void with najis clothes. With respect to wudhu, you can perform the prayer at a time the urine is not released from you, even by delaying it to the end of the prescribed time - but not beyond it - and even if you shorten the prayers by omitting the second chapter after al-Fatiha and by omitting the recommended acts of the prayer. If this is not possible, then it is permissible to offer the prayer even with the release of the urine but one should join the Dhuhr and Asr prayers with one wudhu, and similarly the Maghrib and Isha prayers with one wudhu.</p>
What has happened in recent years is because of the differences in the ijtihad and in understanding of the sources and narrations from the Imams of the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them). Some religious authorities â€“ including his Eminence Sayyid Al-Hakeem (may Allah prolong his life) â€“ have the opinion that the narrations from the Ahlulbait (peace be upon them) prove that most countries can have one Eid in such a way that if the crescent was seen in a country, it is sufficient to establish Eid in other countries as well, even if the distance between the two countries are relatively far. The details of the verdict of his Eminence are explained in his books of Islamic Laws. However, some other Maraji have the opinion that seeing the crescent in countries that share a horizon proves the Eid for those areas in particular only, so such sighting does not prove the Eid in other distant countries.
If the differences in the verdicts originate from the differences in Ijtihad and understanding of religious texts, then it is unavoidable, since a Mujtahid cannot change his opinions that are based on his own Ijtihad and research simply because of social pressure or similar reasons that are not related to what the religious texts indicate as per his understanding. As a matter of fact, doing so is considered as compromising against his duties in finding religious realities.
Differences of these types indicate the authenticity of the Shia sect, and the piety and sincerity of its followers.
The Marjaâ€™ tries his best â€“ via his research and teaching â€“ to reach the religious realities. At the same time, the believers try their best to find out the most knowledgeable Mujtahid who fulfills all the criteria of the Marjaâ€™ and to act upon his edicts. This shows the strength of faith that these two groups possess.
Difference in opinions should not lead to conflicts or aversion. It should rather be dealt with calmness and wisdom for the sake of unity and the general interests of the believers.