Day Questions

What is our belief regarding Adam, and whether he committed a sin or not by going near the tree?

There is no doubt that the prophets are infallible and do not commit sins that will be subject to godly wrath and punishment. So what the holy Quran stated - about the eating of Adam from the tree - is that the divine order to refrain from such an act is not an order that requires obedience because of the relation of servitude between Almighty Allah and His slaves, but as an advisory suggestion that eating from the tree will cause the harm of being departed from Heaven.

What is the ruling about someone who does not emulate a mujtahid?

Emulation (taqlīd) is a necessity when a lay believer faces a situation where he does not know the correct religious ruling, as he is supposed to refer to the expert to get the proper answer. Otherwise, without referring to the expert and implementing the ruling, he would be liable for the mistake, whereas he will not be liable when he refers to the expert, even if the latter made a mistake. Taqlīd secures a layperson from liability before the Almighty Allah.

My sister’s marriage took place with a man who suffers from acute schizophrenia, but his family never told us about his illness. This is a mental disease that is incurable. After coming to know about his mental condition my sister left him. The marriage was never consummated, and they have been living separately for one-and-a-half years. What options does she have to get out of this situation?

If the mentioned person is ill in such a way that he loses his mind and he is considered to be insane, by acting in a way that sane people do not act, even for a limited period of time, then the wife has the right to annul the marriage. Otherwise, the marriage can only be ended through the husband divorcing the wife. However, if the wife is willing to live with him and undertake her religious obligations to him and the husband is not willing to maintain her and provide for her, then the religious authority, the marja, can divorce the wife in this particular case if the husband refuses to divorce her.