His Eminence the Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem called the researchers in theology to think freely to reach the truth, to spread it, to hold on to it and to act according to it.

His Eminence the Grand Ayatollah al-Hakeem called the researchers in theology to think freely to reach the truth, to spread it, to hold on to it and to act according to it.

His Eminence, the Grand Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhammad Saeed al-Hakeem, advised the academics and scholars of various religious backgrounds to be free and unshackled in searching for the truths and realities, and to hold on to them and act according to them. He advised them not to place their recorded research and studies securely in their files and treat them as heritage documents. He expressed his advice during a meeting with a group of Muslim and Christian scholars and academics researching on Islamic studies from France, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Egypt and Iraq.

His Eminence mentioned to the guests how the Quran, the Holy Prophet and the Imams (peace be upon them all) revere and highly respect the Prophet Jesus and Mary (peace be upon them), more so than any other holy book. It is necessary to recognize this truth.

At the end of the discussion, His Eminence advised all the academics and scholars of religion to disseminate the spirit of love, co-existence and communication, and that they call to understanding and calm discussion, and to frequent visitations, in order to remove confusions and to reach the essential aim of all those concerned, i.e. the search for truth, and their work can be fruitful to all.

The guests expressed their thankfulness and appreciation to His Eminence in allowing this opportunity to meet him, hoping that this can be repeated.

Day Questions

What is the proof that wearing black clothing is permissible in mourning Imam Hussain (peace be upon him), considering there are some narrations from the Imams (peace be upon him) that tell us not to wear black clothing, as it is the clothing of Pharoah or the people of Hell? I ask this because some Muslims from other sects point out this inconsistency in order to criticize the Shias.

It is important to notice the following issues in answering this question: First: Those who dislike the followers of the Ahlulbait do not care whether the Shia wear black clothes, but what bothers them is that believers mourn the oppression that took place against the Ahlulbait. By this, they ignore the orders of Almighty Allah and antagonize the Prophet (peace be upon him) intentionally or unintentionally, since Almighty Allah considered the love for the Ahlulbait as the reward for the Prophet’s efforts in guiding mankind when He said: “I ask of you no recompense for this, but to love my kinsfolk.” (42:23) and the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered us to love his household, and he is the one who cried and mourned for what will happen to his Ahlulbait after Almighty Allah informed him about what is going to happen to them. Therefore the objection is not against the wearing of black. Rather, their objection is against the sorrow and grief that we have for the Prophet and his household (peace be upon them all). Lots of people wear black clothes and nobody object such a phenomena. Second: Some narrations forbid the wearing of black clothes by itself, but not for the sake of mourning. Other narrations state also that it wearing black was a symbol of Abbasids, and the forbidding from wearing black could be for this reason. In a narration, Imam Ja’far Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) stated after he wore the black clothes when he was called to meet the Abbasid caliph – as it was obligatory at that time to wear black clothes in the presence of the caliph: “I wear it although I know it is the dress of the people of Hellfire,” in reference to the Abbasids. After the end of the Abbasid state, this attribution ended. Third: Even if it is disliked to wear black clothes, even if it is not the symbol of the Abbasids, there is no doubt that it is recommended to wear black clothes if it was to express the grief in the mourning for the Prophet and his household (peace be upon them) since this a form of commemorating them and expressing grief for them and for the tragedy that took place. This has great benefits to the religion and strengthens it in the hearts of believers, whether this is achieved by wearing black clothing, or hanging black cloth in public areas, and the like.

What is the ruling if the couple who is contracting temporary marriage forgets to mention the marriage period? If it becomes a permanent marriage, can they end the marriage with divorce? If so, what are the rulings in regards to witnesses and the Iddah?

Yes, the marriage becomes permanent. The marriage is ended by divorce which requires two Adil men to witness it. The regular waiting period of Iddah of divorce must be observed if the marriage was consummated, but if the marriage was not consummated then there would be no need to observe the Iddah.

How are the expenses of the child's upbringing calculated in the Sharia?

It is obligatory on the father to support the children by providing them with food and drink, clothes, medicine, housing and all that they need for their living.

I just want to ask you if it is true when people say that marriage is due to fate. If this is true that means that a person does not have a choice in their marriage and does not have free-will?

Everything in this universe is under the godly control but Almighty Allah gave the human being the ability to act and enabled him to do the act or not to do it. Therefore, the individual should choose the life partner based on what is good for him in this life and the hereafter.

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