Fasting of a Pregnant Woman
Question :

Is it obligatory for a pregnant woman to fast in the month of Ramadan?

Answer :

There are three possibilities:
First: If fasting harms the pregnant woman or harms her fetus, then it is prohibited for her to fast, and she should make up the missed days later.
Second: If she is close to delivery, and fasting is a strain for her, she is permitted to break the fast and pay the fidya, and make up for the missed fasts later.
Third: If fasting does not harm the pregnant woman or her fetus, then it is obligatory on her to fast.

Fasting and Exams
Question :

I am a university student and during the month of Ramadan I am required to take a set of examinations for a whole day. I am scared that if I fast I will not be able to concentrate and I will risk failing the exams, which are very crucial for me to pass. Is it permissible for me to not fast that day and make it up later after Ramadan?

Answer :

We advise you to depend on Almighty Allah in all your acts and enter the exam room with the confidence that He is with you as long as you are acting upon His orders and completing your duty of fasting. Yes, if you can travel on the exam day after dawn and break your fast after reaching the Sharia-prescribed distance of breaking the fast, then you can break your fast that day as a traveler, and you should then make it up afterwards.

Fasting While Breasteeding
Question :

I am breastfeeding in Ramadan. Is it obligatory on me to fast while breastfeeding?

Answer :

If fasting harms the woman who is breastfeeding by greatly decreasing her milk, or stopping its flow, then it is permissible for her not to fast. She should make up the missed fasts before the next Ramadan. Furthermore, a sum of 900 grams of food like wheat, oat and rice must be paid to the needy believers for each missed day.