Janaba During the Fast
Question :

If I am fasting and I slept and had ejaculated semen, what do I do so my prayers will not be invalid?

Answer :

You should perform the ghusl of janaba before you can pray, and the fast is not affected.

Intentionally Enters the State of Janaba
Question :

During the month of Ramadan, if somebody knows that he will not be able to perform ghusl until dawn and he intentionally enters the state of janabah, will his fast be valid?

Answer :

The fast is not valid in the said case.

The Ghusl of Touching the Corpse
Question :

If a person is required to perform the ghusl of touching the corpse, but does not do so until after dawn, can he fast that day?

Answer :

The fast is not nullified by this, so he may fast.

Using Miswak while Fasting
Question :

When fasting, is it permissible to use a miswak, a toothbrush, or a toothpick, or to put a pen in the mouth?

Answer :

It is permissible to use the miswak or the like when fasting, but one should avoid swallowing the liquids from outside the mouth. For example, when one uses the miswak and it becomes wet from saliva, if it is taken out of the mouth and placed back in the mouth again, the wetness on the miswak will be deemed to be from outside the mouth, and swallowing such liquid will invalidate the fast.

Water in the Mouth
Question :

While fasting, if one doubt whether water has entered his mouth when performing wudhu, is it necessary for him to spit out a number of times?

Answer :

It is not obligatory to do so.

Narrating a Hadith
Question :

If a hadith is narrated from Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him), and a person cites it to be from Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him), during the fast of the month of Ramadan, will this be considered to be a lie on the Imam and invalidate his fast?

Answer :

If the person deliberately lied about the Imam (peace be upon him), his fast will be invalidated. If it is done by mistake then his fast is in order.

Swallowing Mucus During the Fast
Question :

Is it possible to swallow mucus or phlegm during the fast?

Answer :

Swallowing the mucus does not invalidates the fast.

Licking Lips while Fasting
Question :

What is the rule about licking one’s own lips while fasting, if one licks his lips for the second time while lips are still wet from the first time and moisture mixed with saliva? Will it break the fast if swallowed?

Answer :

The said action usually does not break the fast, since there is no considerable substance present on the lip in such a way that swallowing it breaks the fast.

Intending to Break the Fast
Question :

If somebody was fasting and intended to break his fast – for example if somebody decided that he cannot continue the fast and poured some water to drink – but then changed his mind and decided to fast again, is his fast still valid or not?

Answer :

If he broke the intention of fasting and decided to break the fast, even if he did not actually break it, his fast is void and he has to make it up. However, he should still refrain from the things that break the fast – such as eating and drinking – for the rest of that day.
He does not have to pay kaffara.

Masturbation
Question :

Does masturbation during the month of Ramadan void the fast, if it does not end with ejaculation?

Answer :

If he intended to break the fast by such an act, his fasting is invalidated, whether or not ejaculation took place. He would then have to make it up later as qadha as well as pay the kaffarah. If he did not intend to break the fast, his fasting is not void. In any case, it is prohibited for the individual to masturbate even if it does not end with ejaculation. If one does so, he is required to seek the forgiveness from Allah Almighty and repent to Him.

Reciting Supplications
Question :

If while fasting I recite a famous supplication or ziyara regarding which I am not certain of its authenticity, or while reciting it I have a bit of doubt concerning if some of the things I am saying is true, does this break my fast? Also, if while reading Quran or supplication or ziyara I make a mistake such that I accidentally say something incorrect about Almighty Allah, the Prophet or the Imams (peace be upon them all), does this break my fast?

Answer :

Fasting is not broken by such acts.

Eating Before Sleeping
Question :

A person was eating dark chocolate before sleeping. Upon waking up for Fajr in the month of Ramadan, and before brushing his teeth, he spat a few times and noticed bits of brown and black and generally brown spit. He is not certain if the spit was mixed with leftover residue, or if they were bits of leftover chocolate. Taking into account the fact that before spitting he had swallowed a few times, what is the status of his fast?

Answer :

The fast is correct and one does not need to pay attention to such doubts in the said case.

Eating Prior to Fajr
Question :

If I eat prior to Fajr, such that by the time Fajr starts there is food in my mouth, am I allowed to swallow it or do I spit it out? Also, what about the food that is caught in my throat that I am unable to spit out without possibly causing myself to vomit, what do I do?

Answer :

It is obligatory to remove the food in the mouth. It is not obligatory to remove it if it passes the mouth to the throat.

Sharing Hadiths when Fasting
Question :

If one is fasting in the month of Ramadan, and comes across a hadith narrated in a book, with a reference such as Al-Kafi, is it permissible to share such a hadith if one does not know the chain of narrators are authenticated when it is in the manner of saying "It is narrated that Imam X said this..."?

Answer :

The suggested way to share the hadith does not break the fast with the intention of narrating from the Imam (peace be upon him) what is mentioned in the book.

Sexual Intercourse
Question :

If a man is not fasting due to a justifiable reason, but his wife is fasting, is he permitted to have sexual intercourse with her?

Answer :

He is not permitted to do so, and she is not permitted to allow him to have intercourse with her.

Swallowing Food
Question :

Sometimes we burp and a little bit of food comes to the top of the throat. If one swallows it, does it invalidate the fast?

Answer :

If it has reached the mouth, the fast is void if it is swallowed.

Ignorance of the concept of Janaba
Question :

I was ignorant of the concept of Janaba, and did not know that ghusl was obligatory if it happened. During the holy month of Ramadan, I kept my fast without doing ghusl of Janaba. A few months later, I came to know about ghusl and performed it. What should I do in regards to the previous fasts?

Answer :

There is no kaffara for breaking the fast in the said case. One should make up the fast before the next Ramadan.
If he does not make them up before the next Ramadan, an amount of 900 grams of dates, wheat, floor, rice, lentils and the like for every missed fast must be given to the needy people as Fidya.

Sexual Activity
Question :

Can one engage in sexual activity with the wife while fasting, without ejaculation? Does this invalidate the fast?

Answer :

This is permissible – as long as ejaculation is not intended – and does not invalidate the fast, although it is recommended to refrain from it.

Remaining in Janaba until Fajr
Question :

A brother was in the middle of his month-long continuous Kaffara fasts. One night he had sexual intercourse with his wife and entered the state of Janaba. He then went to sleep with the firm intention of waking up before Fajr and performing the ghusl. He did wake up some time before Fajr, but dozed off again setting his alarm for another 15 minutes. When his alarm woke him up, he fell asleep again perhaps thinking that he will wake up shortly, and remained asleep until after Fajr. Is the fast for that day valid, and if it is, must he restart the fasting?

Answer :

What you have mentioned is not considered as deliberately staying in the state of Janaba. The fast is correct with the intention of fasting and the completion of the fast during the day.

Vomiting
Question :

Does vomiting break your fast?

Answer :

If it was not deliberate, then it does not invalidate the fast.