Najis Clothes
Question :

If time is short and I know my clothing is najis, should I make the dress tahir and then make the prayer up afterwards or should I just ensure that I perform the prayers first so as to not make it qadha and then wash my clothes?

Answer :

If the only clothing available is najis, offering the prayer in such clothing is valid in cases of cold weather or similar necessities. If it can be taken off, the prayer should be offered twice, once with it and once while naked, based on compulsory precaution. The mentioned necessity rarely occurs in our time since making use of a covering material during prayer is easily done. If not usual clothing, it can be anything like sheets, blankets or similar things as long as the private parts (as defined by the Sharia) are covered for the males and all parts of the body that must be covered for females are covered.

Prostration on Glass
Question :

Is it allowed to prostrate on glass as it is extracted from sand and is not edible or wearable?

Answer :

It is not permissible to prostrate on glass.

Question : Is it allowed to prostrate on rough sand or it must be rigid?
Answer : It is permissible to prostrate during prayers on sand whether it is rough or rigid.
Question : If a man has a gold tooth, is his prayer valid?
Answer : It is permissible to have a gold tooth if it is not conventionally considered as beautification. If it is considered as beautification, then based on an obligatory precaution one should refrain from having one and the prayers with it is invalid.
Question : If a woman in her menstrual period hears the verse with the obligatory prostration, is she obligated to perform the prostration? Is it possible to do so without a hijab, and on a carpet?
Answer : Yes, it is obligatory on her to prostrate when hearing the verse of prostration. It is permissible without hijab, and based on an obligatory precaution it should be on natural earth like soil, stones, rocks and similar materials, or on what grows on earth provided that it is not consumed for food or worn as clothing.
Question : If a person prays sitting on a chair because of illness, is it necessary for him to take off his shoes?
Answer : Taking off the shoes is not obligatory.
Question : Is the Adhan recited before Asr and Isha prayers?
Answer : The Adhan is recommended in the daily prayers. However, if the Asr or Isha prayer is performed immediately after Dhuhr or Maghrib prayers, the Adhan is not legislated, so the Iqamah alone can be recited.
Question : Is it obligatory to cover our head when offering prayer?
Answer : It is not obligatory for men to cover their heads during prayer.
Question : Is it possible to pray if there a najis cellphone or handkerchief in the pocket of one’s clothing?
Answer : Yes, it is permissible and the prayer is valid in the said case.

Question : If a person recites “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheemi wa Bihamdih” in prostration, while it is the dhikr for bowing, what is the ruling? Is the prayer annulled?
Answer : If it is not intentionally then the prayer is still in order.
Question : Is it possible when you have missed obligatory prayers to perform recommended prayers?
Answer : It is permissible to do so.
Question : If there is picture present in room, does it affect the prayers?
Answer : It is disliked to offer the prayer while there is a picture of a living thing in front of the individual.
Question : Is it permissible to perform prayers sitting or lying in a case when we feel shy or discomfort?
Answer : Offering the obligatory prayers while sitting or lying down when being able to offer it in the regular way is not sufficient. Being shy or feeling discomfort is not a valid justification pray in this way.
It is sufficient to pray sitting or lying down in the recommended prayers.
Question : Is prayer annulled if one turns his head slightly to look to his left or right, or just moves his sight to the left or right?
Answer : The prayer is not invalidated by this.
Question : In Dhuhr and Asr prayers, are we allowed to recite the “Bismillah” in the first two rakats loudly?
Answer : It is recommended to recite the "Bismillah" in a loud voice in the said case.
Question : Is it permissible to pray in a moving truck, airplane, train or boat?
Answer : With the fear of not being able to offer the prayer in the designated time in a place that is stationary, one can offer it in such moving means of transportation while observing the rules of Qiblah.
Otherwise, offering the prayers this way is not sufficient.
Verses of the Quran
Question : Can I recite one verse or a few verses of the Quran after Al-Fatiha in the prayers?
Answer : One must recite one full chapter after Al-Fatiha in obligatory prayers. Reciting one verse or a few verses is not sufficient. It is sufficient to do so in recommended prayers.
Question : His Eminence says that the al-Tasbeehat al-Arba’ah in the third and fourth units may be recited one or three times. What if somebody recites them twice by mistake? Is he required to perform the prostrations of forgetfulness (sujdood al-Sahw)?
Answer : The prostration of forgetfulness is not obligatory in this case.
Question : Is any dhikr permissible in bowing and prostration?
Answer : It is sufficient in the bowing position to recite "Subhana Rabbiyal-Adheem wa bi-Hamdih", or "Subhanallah" three times. It is also sufficient to recite any sort of "dhikr" that consists of praising Allah, like "Alhamdulillah” thrice, reciting Takbir thrice or reciting "La Ilaha Illallah" thrice, provided that the said is equivalent to "Subhanallah" three times.
The same applies to prostration except that "Subhana Rabbiyal-Aala wa bi-Hamdih" is to be recited instead of "Subhana Rabbiyal-Adheem wa bi-Hamdih".
But, it is not sufficient to recite, "Subhana Rabbiyal-Aala wa bi-Hamdih" in bowing, nor is it sufficient to recite, "Subhana Rabbiyal-Adheem wa bi-Hamdih" in prostration.
praying and prostration
Question : While praying, is it permissible to perform prostration on the agate (aqeeq) of the ring you are wearing in case a turbah is not available?
Answer : It is not sufficient to prostrate on the agate based on an obligatory precaution. When one loses the prostration clay (the turbah) during the prayer, one can cut the prayer, look for something else to be prostrated upon and repeat the prayer.