Invalidation of Fasts
Question :

If a person does not know that a particular action invalidates the fast, such as using liquid enema, will the fast still be invalidated? Does the same apply to masturbation without knowledge that it invalidates the fast?

Answer :

If the fasting person commits one of the things that invalidates the fast without knowing that it does, his fast is not invalidated.

Fragrance during I'tikaf
Question :

Regular soap and toothpaste has fragrance in it; can it be used by those sitting in i'tikaf?

Answer :

It is not permitted for the person during the state of i'tikaf to smell fragrance with enjoyment. Based on an obligatory precaution a person during the state of i'tikaf should completely avoid all kinds of fragrance. If the use of toothpaste causes this, one should refrain from it; if it does not then it is permissible.

Fasting Two Consecutive Months
Question :

I am a woman and need to pay Kaffara. If I want to fast for two consecutive months, is it still valid even though I will be menstruating within this period of two months?

Answer :

Being in the state of menstruation does not affect the condition of fasting consecutively.

Fasting of a Pregnant Woman
Question :

Is it obligatory for a pregnant woman to fast in the month of Ramadan?

Answer :

If fasting harms the pregnant mother or her fetus, it is permissible for her to break the fast and make up the missed days later. If it does not harm her or the fetus then it is obligatory on her to fast.

Two Homes
Question :

I have two homes, one in a city and another at my native village, and the distance between them is about 200 km. I mainly work and live in the city and visit my village every month or so for a few days. What is the ruling of fasting and praying there?

Answer :

As long as the native village was your hometown where you used to live and you did not abandon it – i.e. you still consider it as your home town – then your prayer must be offered in full and you can fast as well while you are staying there.

Fasting when Travelling
Question :

If I travel to my brother-in-law's home which is 30 km away, can I keep fasting?

Answer :

Traveling this much makes one a traveler as defined by the Sharia, and this obligates the shortening of prayers and prevents one from fasting.

Janaba During the Fast
Question :

If I am fasting and I slept and had ejaculated semen, what do I do so my prayers will not be invalid?

Answer :

You should perform the ghusl of janaba before you can pray, and the fast is not affected.

Missed Fasts and Missed Prayers
Question :

If somebody has missed fasts for years and missed prayers for years, does he have to make up the missed prayers and then the missed fasts?

Answer :

One must make up the missed prayers. It is also obligatory to make up missed fasts. Making one of them up before the other is not obligatory.

Intentionally Enters the State of Janaba
Question :

During the month of Ramadan, if somebody knows that he will not be able to perform ghusl until dawn and he intentionally enters the state of janabah, will his fast be valid?

Answer :

The fast is not valid in the said case.

Wudhu outside the Mosque
Question :

If a mosque does not have the facility of performing wudhu within the specified mosque boundary, can the person doing i'tikaf step out of the mosque to do obligatory or recommended wudhu?

Answer :

He is permitted to leave the mosque to perform the wudhu and come back.

The Ghusl of Touching the Corpse
Question :

If a person is required to perform the ghusl of touching the corpse, but does not do so until after dawn, can he fast that day?

Answer :

The fast is not nullified by this, so he may fast.

Guest During Ramadan
Question :

If a guest comes during the month of Ramadan, can I feed him, as he is not fasting?

Answer :

It is permissible to feed the guest during the day in the month of Ramadan if such a thing does not violate the sanctity of the month or encourage committing a sin.

Using Miswak while Fasting
Question :

When fasting, is it permissible to use a miswak, a toothbrush, or a toothpick, or to put a pen in the mouth?

Answer :

It is permissible to use the miswak or the like when fasting, but one should avoid swallowing the liquids from outside the mouth. For example, when one uses the miswak and it becomes wet from saliva, if it is taken out of the mouth and placed back in the mouth again, the wetness on the miswak will be deemed to be from outside the mouth, and swallowing such liquid will invalidate the fast.

Intention to Fast
Question :

If I have an intention between midnight and dawn to make a long journey in the month of Ramadan, should I begin fasting after dawn?

Answer :

If the person intended before dawn to travel that day, and he travelled before zawal time (the time halfway between sunrise and sunset), it is permissible to break the fast during such a travel. If he did not break his fast during such a travel and came back before Zawal, he must renew the intention and continue the fast.<br>If he did not intend at night to travel but intended after dawn to travel, he is not permitted to break his fast and his fast in valid.

Recommended Fasts
Question :

Is it possible to observe the non-obligatory fasts in the month of Sha’ban if a person has not undertaken the qadha fasts of the month of Ramadan?

Answer :

If one is still obligated to complete qadha fasts, then such fasting is not valid.

Water in the Mouth
Question :

While fasting, if one doubt whether water has entered his mouth when performing wudhu, is it necessary for him to spit out a number of times?

Answer :

It is not obligatory to do so.

Narrating a Hadith
Question :

If a hadith is narrated from Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him), and a person cites it to be from Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him), during the fast of the month of Ramadan, will this be considered to be a lie on the Imam and invalidate his fast?

Answer :

If the person deliberately lied about the Imam (peace be upon him), his fast will be invalidated. If it is done by mistake then his fast is in order.

Journey During Ramadan
Question :

I once was going on a journey during Ramadan, and I incorrectly arrived at the conclusion that I will travel the requisite distance to be considered a traveler and I subsequently broke my fast. However, I now doubt this, and I believe I was wrong to break the fast. Would I be required to pay the kaffara?

Answer :

When you broke your fast, you were believing that it is permissible to do so, so you should make up that day and you do not have to pay kaffara.

Swallowing when Fasting
Question :

If water gets into the throat when rinsing the mouth, is the fast broken and have to be made up again? What If one uses mouthwash rather than water?

Answer :

If one swallows the water in the said case unintentionally, then based on an obligatory precaution he must repeat the fast. He does not have to pay kaffara. The same is the case in using mouthwash.

Swallowing Mucus During the Fast
Question :

Is it possible to swallow mucus or phlegm during the fast?

Answer :

Swallowing the mucus does not invalidates the fast.