Where can I give the food that I want to pay as Kaffara and be sure that it will be given to the poor?
If you could not find needy Shia believers, you could pass the cost of the food to the offices of the Marji in order to be given as food to the needy believers.
Regular soap and toothpaste has fragrance in it; can it be used by those sitting in itikaf?
It is not allowed for the person during the state of itikaf to smell fragrance with enjoyment. Based on an obligatory precaution a person during the state of itikaf should completely avoid all kinds of fragrance. If the use of toothpaste causes this, one should refrain from it, if it does not then it is permissible.
I am a woman and need to pay Kaffarah. If I want to fast for two consecutive months, is it still valid even though I will be menstruating within this period of two months?
Being in the state of menstruation does not affect the condition of fasting consecutively.
Is it obligatory for a pregnant woman to fast in the month of Ramadhan?
If fasting harms the pregnant mother or her fetus, it is permissible for her to break the fast and make up the missed days later. If it does not harm her or the fetus then it is obligatory on her to fast.
Question : During the month of Ramadan, if somebody knows that he will not be able to perform ghusl until dawn and he intentionally enters the state of janabah, will his fast be valid?
Answer : The fast is not valid in the said case.
Question : If a mosque does not have the facility of performing wudhu within the specified mosque boundary, can the person doing eâ€™tikaf step out of the masjid to do obligatory or recommended wudhu?
Answer : He is permitted to leave the mosque to perform the wudhu and come back.
Question : If the person required to perform the ghusl of touching the corpse, but does not do so until after dawn, can he fast that day?
Answer : The fast is not nullified by this, so he may fast.
Question : If a guest comes during the month of Ramadhan, can I feed him, as he is not fasting?
Answer : It is permissible to feed the guest during the day in the month of Ramadan if such a thing does not violate the sanctity of the month or encourage committing a sin.
Question : When fasting, is it permissible to use miswak, toothbrush, or to use a toothpick or to put a pen in the mouth?
Answer : It is permissible to use the miswak or the like when fasting, but one should avoid swallowing the liquids from outside the mouth. For example, when one uses the miswak and it becomes wet from saliva, if it is taken out of the mouth and placed back in the mouth again, the wetness on the miswak will be deemed to be from outside the mouth, and swallowing such liquid will invalidate the fast.
Question : If I have an intention between midnight and dawn to make a long journey in the month of Ramadhan, should I begin fasting after dawn?
Answer : If the person intended before dawn to travel that day, and he travelled before zawal time (the time halfway between sunrise and sunset), it is permissible to break the fast during such a travel. If he did not break his fast during such a travel and came back before Zawal, he must renew the intention and continue the fast.
If he did not intend at night to travel but intended after dawn to travel, he is not permitted to break his fast and his fast in valid.
Question : Is it possible to observe the non-obligatory fasts in the month of Shaaban if a person has not undertaken the qadha fasts of the month of Ramadhan?
Answer : If one is still obligated to complete qadha fasts, then such fasting is not valid.
Question : While fasting, if one doubt whether water has entered his mouth when performing wudhu, is it necessary for him to spit out a number of times?
Answer : It is not obligatory to do so.
Question : If a narration is narrated from Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him), and a person cites it to be from Imam al-Baqir (peace be upon him), during the fast of the month of Ramadhan, will this be considered to be a lie on the Imam and invalidate his fast?
Answer : If the person deliberately lied about the Imam (peace be upon him), his fast will be invalidated. If it is done by mistake then his fast is in order.
Question : I once was going on a journey during Ramadan, and I incorrectly arrived at the conclusion that I will travel the requisite distance to be considered a traveler and I subsequently broke my fast. However, I now doubt this, and I believe I was wrong to break the fast. Would I be required to pay the kaffara?
Answer : When you broke your fast, you were believing that it is permissible to do so, so you should make up that day and you do not have to pay kaffara.
Question : If water gets into the throat when rinsing the mouth, is the fast broken and have to be made up again? What If one uses mouthwash rather than water?
Answer : If one swallows the water in the said case unintentionally, then based on an obligatory precaution he must repeat the fast. He does not have to pay kaffarah. The same is the case in using mouthwash.
Question : Is it possible to swallow mucus or phlegm during the fast?
Answer : Swallowing the mucus does not invalidates the fast.
Question : What is the rule about licking oneâ€™s own lips while fasting, if one licks his lips for the second time while lips are still wet from the first time and moisture mixed with saliva. Will it break the fast if swallowed?
Answer : The said action usually does not break the fast, since there is no considerable substance present on the lip in such a way that swallowing it breaks the fast.
Question : If somebody was fasting and intended to break his fast â€“ for example if somebody decided that he cannot continue the fast and poured some water to drink â€“ but then changed his mind and decided to fast again, is his fast still valid or not?
Answer : If he broke the intention of fasting and decided to break the fast, even if he did not actually break it, his fast is void and he has to make it up. However, he should still refrain from the things that break the fast for the rest of that day.
He does not have to pay kaffarah.
Question : I have read that it is recommended to fast for five days in the month of Shawwal, from 4th to 9th Shawwal. Should we observe it on those exact days or can we observe on the fast on other days within the month of Shawwal?
Answer : Fasting such days specifically is not proven to be recommended.
Question : If a person does not know that a particular action invalidates the fast, such as using liquid enema, will the fast still be invalidated? Does the same apply to masturbation without knowledge that it invalidates the fast?
Answer : If the fasting person committing one of the things that invalidates the fast without knowing that it does, i.e. he thinks that it is permissible, his fast is not invalidated.